Museum of Modern Art

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Museum of Modern Art

(MoMA), New York City, established and incorporated in 1929. It is privately supported. Alfred H. BarrBarr, Alfred Hamilton, Jr.,
1902–81, American art historian, b. Detroit. Barr taught art history at several colleges and was the first director of the Museum of Modern Art, New York City.
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, Jr., was its first director. Operating at first in rented galleries, the museum specialized in loan shows of contemporary European and American art. A start toward its permanent collection was made with the Lillie P. Bliss bequest, which included nine Cézannes and the Daumier Washerwoman. Its present collection, which includes more than 150,000 paintings, sculptures, drawings, graphics, photographs, videos, architectural drawings and models, and design objects, represents one of the finest groups of modern and contemporary art in the world. MoMA's merger (2000) with P.S. 1, a contemporary art space in Long Island City, Queens, gave the museum a greater connection to avant-garde art. MoMA also has outstanding departments of photography and architecture, an extensive reference library and archives, and a large film library.

A permanent building, boxy and in the International StyleInternational style,
in architecture, the phase of the modern movement that emerged in Europe and the United States during the 1920s. The term was first used by Philip Johnson in connection with a 1932 architectural exhibition held at the Museum of Modern Art, New York City.
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, designed by Philip L. Goodwin and Edward Durell StoneStone, Edward Durell,
1902–78, American architect, b. Fayetteville, Ark. Stone's first major work, designed in the starkly functional International style in collaboration with Philip L. Goodwin, was the Museum of Modern Art, New York City (1937–39).
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, was erected in midtown Manhattan in 1939. A new wing designed by Philip JohnsonJohnson, Philip Cortelyou,
1906–2005, American architect, museum curator, and historian, b. Cleveland, grad. Harvard Univ. (B.A., 1927). One of the first Americans to study modern European architecture, Johnson wrote (with H.-R.
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 was added in 1964, and the building was renovated and expanded again in 1984 by Cesar PelliPelli, César,
1926–2019, American architect, b. Tucumán, Argentina. Pelli graduated (1949) from the Univ. of Tucumán, immigrated (1952) to the United States, and subsequently attended (1952–54) the Univ. of Illinois.
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 and Associates, principally with the addition of a 52-story residential tower. MoMA Manhattan quarters were subsequently enlarged and redesigned (2002–4) by the Japanese architect Yoshio Taniguchi in a highly refined modernist style. During this work the collection housed in a former factory in Long Island City, dubbed MoMA QNS, that had been reconfigured by the architect Michael Maltzan; the Queens space is now used as a storage and study facility. In 2019 further renovations by Diller Scofidio & Renfro in collaboration with Gensler added to the gallery space, and the permanent collection was rehung to include new art, much of it multicultural and recently acquired. The main-floor gallery now juxtaposes various periods and cultures, and painting, sculpture, design, architecture, ceramics, and film are now shown together, illustrating relationships and differences.


See catalog of paintings in the permanent collection by H. Frank (1973); R. Lynes, Good Old Modern: An Intimate Portrait of the Museum of Modern Art (1973); S. Hunter, The Museum of Modern Art, New York (1984, repr. 1997); G. D. Lowry, MOMA Highlights: 325 Works from The Museum of Modern Art (2002); J. Elderfield, ed., Modern Painting and Sculpture: 1880 to the Present from The Museum of Modern Art (2004).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Museum of Modern Art


in New York City, the largest American collection of art dating roughly from 1875 to the present. The Museum of Modern Art, which was founded in 1929, has extensive collections of painting, sculpture, graphic art, applied arts, design, architecture, photography, and films. In addition, there are changing exhibitions. As a result of its educational role, the museum has become a center for the popularization of the newest, chiefly modernistic, currents in European and American art. The museum houses P. Picasso’s Guernica and works by P. Cézanne, A. Maillol, H. Matisse, D. Siqueiros, D. Rivera, J. C. Orozco, E. Hopper, A. Wyeth, and many other artists.


Painting and Sculpture in the Museum of Modern Art: A Catalogue. New York, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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At the opening ceremony, the director of the Museum of Modern Art Khayyam Abdinov spoke about the importance of the photo exhibition.
She said: "It is a huge deal for us to be approved by the Museum of Modern Art. It feels like a massive validation of what we're doing."
Al-Azzawi's work is held in international private and public collections, including the Museums of Modern Art in Baghdad, Damascus and Tunis; Jordan National Gallery of Fine Arts, Amman; Mathaf: Arab Museum of Modern Art, Doha; Barjeel Art Foundation, Sharjah; Kinda Foundation, Saudi Arabia; Una Foundation, Casablanca; Arab Monetary Fund, Abu Dhabi; Development Fund, Kuwait; Jeddah International Airport; British Museum, Tate Modern, and Victoria and Albert Museum, London; Institut du Monde Arabe, Bibliotheque Nationale de France and Colas Foundation, Paris; Harba Collection, Iraq and Italy; Gulbenkian Collection, Barcelona; and Library of Congress and the World Bank, Washington, DC.
One-Way Ticket: Jacob Lawrence's Migration Series and Other Visions of the Great Movement North reunite all 60 panels for the first time at New York's Museum of Modern Art (11 West 53rd Street, New York, NY 10019) in 20 years.
The Museum of Modern Art is one of the oldest and most representative contemporary art museums in the world, which served as a model for many other institutions of this type.
at The Museum of Modern Art's Theater 1 (The Roy and Niuta Titus Theater 1).
The Museum of Modern Art also has a website with information about its on-site MoMA Art Labs and professional development opportunities for teachers:
The Museum of Modern Art announced on Thursday that the MoMA App is now available on the Apple App Store.
London has The Tate Modern, in New York they have MoMA (Museum of Modern Art), Gateshead has The Baltic and Middlesbrough has MIMA (Middlesbrough Institute of Modern Art).
"Picturing New York: Photographs from the Museum of Modern Art" draws from black and white photographs of New York over the length of a century, telling the story of its architecture, its people, and everything one could yearn to learn about one of the biggest cities of the modern age.
EMCOR Group, Inc announced that its Marelich Mechanical subsidiary has received a contract to provide mechanical construction services for an expansion of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. Marelich Mechanical, which helped construct both the plumbing and mechanical systems for the original building 15 years ago, will assist in adding to and extending the top floor of the existing structure.

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