Yoweri Museveni

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Museveni, Yoweri

(you`ərē mo͞o'səvā`nē), 1944?–, Ugandan political leader, president of Uganda (1986–), b. Ntungamo. He studied economics and political science at the Univ. of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (B.A., 1970), where he headed a leftist student group. He worked briefly as an intelligence official in the government of Milton OboteObote, Apollo Milton
, 1924–2005, president of Uganda (1966–71, 1980–85). Obote, a member of the legislative council of Uganda from 1957, founded (1960) the Uganda People's Congress.
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. When Idi AminAmin, Idi
, c.1925–2003, Ugandan army officer and dictator. From the small Kakwa ethnic group, he advanced in the Ugandan armed forces from private (1946) to major general (1968). In 1971 he seized control of the government, toppling the regime of Milton Obote.
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 took power, Museveni went into exile (1971) in Tanzania, organizing an opposition group that had a pivotal role in overthrowing (1979) Amin. Museveni lost to Obote in the 1980 presidential elections, which were widely believed to have been fixed. He then founded the National Resistance Army (NRA), which ultimately won the five-year guerrilla war; Museveni was declared president.

Pledging to restore peace and end ethnic strife, he instituted a number of reforms, e.g., the privatization of state-owned companies and promotion of a free market to help rebuild Uganda's ravaged economy, cutbacks in government spending, and an independent judiciary, and instituted an effective program to control the spread of AIDS. He also long opposed multiparty democracy, maintaining that it required a thriving economy and viable middle class. Generally considered a leading African statesman and power broker, Museveni has called for Africans to stop blaming colonialism for their problems and to attempt to operate without Western aid. However, Uganda also has intervened in the political affairs of neighboring countries, including Congo, Rwanda, and Sudan. Museveni's reputation has been tarnished by profiteering and looting by Uganda's forces in the Congo and by his increasingly autocratic rule, failure to tackle corruption, and intolerance for political opposition; prominent critics of the president have often been charged with, though rarely convicted of, treason.

Uganda's first direct presidential election (1996) returned Museveni to office by an overwhelming majority, but a referendum that approved (2000) continuing his so-called no-party state saw a large drop in voter turnout. He was reelected president by a large majority in 2001, but this time there were cleared indications of vote fraud, although it seemed to have inflated rather than ensured his win. A 2005 referendum, which approved returning to a multiparty system, was supported by Museveni. He was elected to a third term in 2006 after the constitution was amended (2005) to permit him to do so and won again in 2011 and 2016, in elections that were marred by irregularities.


See his Selected Articles on the Uganda Resistance War (1986); G. Ondoga Ori Amaza, Museveni's Long March (1998).

References in periodicals archive ?
Museveni played hide-and-seek, only reluctantly showing up in the late afternoon.
Analysts are of view that Museveni's trip to Kenya was arranged by Uhuru keen to persuade him to back the project to enable Kenya to secure the much-needed funds to push the railway line to Kisumu from Naivasha.
President Museveni visited the project dam and the water inlet with great interest, and then entered the huge underground cavern group, inspected the assembly plant, the main power generation room and the tail water surge room, and passed the car for 8 kilometers.
Presidents Yoweri Museveni (L) and Salva Kiir at South Sudan's ruling party meeting in Juba, May 3, 2018 (Courtesy photo)
When the current term of his presidency ends in 2021, President Yoweri Museveni will have hit the 75-year old mark and won't be eligible to stand again under the constitution.
"Museveni is pushing a family agenda in Ugandan politics.
Rumors about Museveni's plan for succession have swirled in recent years, but they came full circle after the 71-year-old leader was re-elected Sunday.
The commission said Museveni, one of Africa's longest-serving leaders, garnered 1.36 million votes out of a total 2.32 million votes counted so far from 6,448 polling stations -- less than a quarter of the 28,010 stations across the country.
At the main reception hall, President Museveni shook hands with a number of princes, ministers and senior officials.
In a State House statement on Wednesday, Museveni said that the warring parties have agreed to unconditionally and expeditiously continue with talks in order to reach an agreement on political issues affecting Burundi's current situation.
Arua (Uganda), Feb.1 (ANI): A Ugandan opposition leader, Kizza Besigye, has praised the country's former dictator and despot Idi Amin, saying that the latter had done more for the country than long-serving president Yoweri Museveni.
ANKARA, May 6, 2010 (TUR) -- President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni of Uganda said that they wanted to benefit from Turkey's experiences in order to strengthen their economic and industrial programs.