Pervez Musharraf

(redirected from Musharaff)

Musharraf, Pervez

(pĕrvās` mo͞oshär`rŭf), 1943–, Pakistani army officer, president of Pakistan (2001–), b. Delhi. After the partition of British India, his family resettled in Karachi, Pakistan; he spent (1949–56) some of his childhood in Turkey, where his father was posted as a diplomat. He entered the Pakistan Military Academy in 1961 and became (1964) an artillery officer, rising through the ranks to major general (1991), lieutenant general (1995), and general and chief of army staff (1998). In 1999 he became chairman of the joint chiefs of staff committee.

In Oct., 1999, Prime Minister Nawaz SharifSharif, Nawaz
, 1949–, Pakistani politician; grad. Government College, Lahore; Punjab Univ. Law College. Born into a prominent Lahore business family, he was by 1980 director of one of Pakistan's largest industrial conglomerates.
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 attempted to remove Musharraf by refusing his returning flight landing rights in Pakistan. The move led to a coup by Musharraf, who became chief executive; he appointed himself president 20 months later. A controversial referendum in 2002 extended his rule for five years. Musharraf was reelected in 2007, but his right to run while still army chief was challenged; before the supreme court could rule, he suspended the constitution, declared emergency rule, and dismissed the court members who seemed likely to rule against him. After the challenges were dismissed, he resigned (Nov., 2007) as army chief.

The subsequent election victory (Feb., 2008) by opposition parties and the establishment of an opposition coalition government undermined his position, and after the coalition, at the instigation of Sharif, moved to impeach him, he resigned from office (Aug., 2008). A declared supporter of a democratic, nonfundamentalist Islamic Pakistan and a supporter as well of the U.S. war on terror, Musharraf twice was the target of assassination attempts while president. After resigning, he went into self-imposed exile in 2009 and did not return to Pakistan until 2013; he was then disqualified from running for office. He subsequently was charged with treason and in connection with Benazir BhuttoBhutto, Benazir
, 1953–2007, prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90; 1993–96), daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Educated at Radcliffe and Oxford, she returned to Pakistan shortly before her father was overthrown by General Zia ul-Haq in 1977.
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's assassination and other deaths and actions; he was acquitted (2016) in a case involving the 2006 killing of a Baluch rebel leader, and declared (2017) a fugitive in the Bhutto case. He left Pakistan in 2016, alledgedly for medical treatment, after his travel restrictions were lifted.

Bibliography

See his memoirs (2006).

References in periodicals archive ?
Sheikh Rasheed also destroyed the railways during Musharaff's era,' Bilawal added.
Tenders are invited for Ward no 19 me musharaff ke khet se firasat ke khet tak chakarod interlocking briks lagane ka nirman kary
Musharaff noted that the relations between the two countries are at a low.
Before him, we've had leaders such as Ayub Khan, Bhutto, Zia, Musharaff; each seeking to break the system because they thought they had better solution.
This time, there was again a military takeover by Genral Pervez Musharaff in 1999 (Jan, 2005).
Feroz Shah Gillani had filed a petition in the court in April to recoverhuge amounts of public money' misappropriated by Musharaff and former president Asif Ali Zardari.
The 17th Amendment of the Musharaff regime further defaced the Constitution and political parties joined to restore the Constitution and give promised autonomy to the provinces.
Recently, the special court ordered the federal government to take measures for Musharaff's arrest and so block his NIC and passport.
Hope was ignited again before the Agra Summit between President Pervez Musharaff and Vajpayee.
The replica was constructed in the second government of Benazir Bhutto but was demolished during Musharaff's martial law.
The present government is ending its constitutional term on June 2, 2018 and it is most likely that Syed Pervez Musharaff would return before the date, he said.
'I believe that his (Musharaff s) allegations are correct.