Mustard Oil

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mustard oil

[′məs·tərd ‚ȯil]
(organic chemistry)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mustard Oil


a fatty vegetable oil produced from the seeds of the mustard plant. It contains the following fatty acids (in percent): stearic, to 0.5; palmitic, to 0.2; lignoceric, 1–2; behenic, 2–3; oleic, 22–30; linoleic, 8–12; linolic, 14–19; erucic, 11–53; and arachidic, 7–14. Mustard oil hardens at a temperature of -8° to -16° C; its iodine number is 92–107 (sometimes 122). It is highly nutritious, does not oxidize readily, and does not become rancid during prolonged storage. It is used in food, in baking bread, and in confectionery and canning, as well as for industrial purposes.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
When the company was ready to ship by truck, the Army explained that the mustard oil could be shipped only by special train.
The minimum weight loss (8.26%) was also observed in green gram with rocket seed oil followed by mustard oil (20.57%), sesame oil (25.63%) and coconut oil (36.13%).
Ingredients: serves four 4 shallots /4 large fennel bulbs / 2 limes /2 tbsps fresh coriander leaves/ 2 tbsps mustard oil / 2 tbsps vegetable oil / 2 garlic cloves / 2 red chillies / 4 tomatoes / 4 tbsps coriander seeds / salt & black pepper SALAD: Peel and finely slice shallots and fennel bulbs and put in bowl.
It is well known that mustard oil and its active compound, allyl isothiocyanate (AIT), have significant antimicrobial activity against various microorganisms.
HMG-CoA reductase is anchored in the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum, and was long regarded as having seven transmembrane domains, with the active site located in a long carboxyl terminal domain in the cytosol (9).The present study aims to study the lipid components and HMG CoA reductase in hepatocytes of three types of oil fed rats, viz., coconut oil (saturated fat) sunflower oil (PUFA) and mustard oil (MUFA) fed rats under a controlled condition.
The insects disable attackers such as ladybirds by setting off a mustard oil "bomb", scientists found.
Meanwhile, the country's National Institution of Immunology, Hyderabad, found that in a comparative study of all cooking oils, rapeseed mustard oil aided the normal functioning of kidneys, livers and hearts.
Pachauri's Tata Energy Research Institute has also formed a partnership with Monsanto to develop genetically modified mustard oil and collaborated with the Global Technology Strategy Project, an "environmental" group sponsored by BP Amoco, Toyota--and Mobil.
Mustard oil is the olive oil of Bihar, Bengal, Orissa and East Uttar Pradesh and is used for flavoring and cooking.
It was done is such a way that it could kill people quickly and conspicuously, and an immediate ban on mustard oil and free import of soybeans became inevitable.
They then measured leakiness of blood vessels by injecting the mice with blue dye and rubbing their ears with mustard oil, which stimulates nearby blood vessels to leak.
In 1968, the U.S.-based Testor Corporation became an industry model when it added mustard oil to model airplane glue.