Mustelidae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Mustelidae: Viverrids

Mustelidae

 

a family of small or medium-sized predatory mammals. The fur is thick and fluffy, with a fine, soft undercoat. These animals generally have an elongated and flexible body and a bushy tail. The claws are not retractile, and in many species the digits are webbed. Special anal glands release a fetid secretion. Mustelids are distributed throughout the world except for Australia, the antarctic, Madagascar, Iceland, and some small islands. There are five subfamilies, with 28 or 30 genera. Sixteen species, making up eight genera, are found in the USSR.

Short-tailed, or snow, weasels (Mustela nivalis), polecats, and martens—all of the subfamily Mustelinae—are active predators. Feeding primarily on mammals and birds, they have molars with sharp cutting ridges. These species are terrestrial, and some are good tree-climbers. Badgers of the subfamily Melinae have digits with strong claws adapted for digging burrows. Feeding on animal and vegetable food, they have molars with broad, flat crowns that serve for grinding food. The common otter and the sea otter, which are both of the subfamily Lutrinae, are aquatic mammals, with well-developed swimming webs. These otters feed on fish, mollusks, and other aquatic animals.

Almost all mustelids are commercially valued for their fur (especially sable and sea otter).

REFERENCES

Ognev, S. I. Zveri SSSR i prilezhashchikh stran. (Zveri Vostochnoi Evropy i severnoi Azii), vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1931.
Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2, part 1. Edited by V. G. Geptner and N. P. Naumov. Moscow, 1967.
I. I. SOKOLOV
References in periodicals archive ?
Richness and composition of vertebrates in activ e and inactive latrines of Pleronura brasiliensis (Carnivora, Mustelidae) in the Eastern Amazon, Brazil.
Estudio comparativo de la ecologia alimentaria del depredador de alto nivel trofico Lontra felina (Molina, 1782) (Carnivora: Mustelidae) en Chile.
2003: New analysis of variability of check teeth in Eurasian badgers (Carnivora, Mustelidae, Meles).
Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers for the sable, Martes zibellina (Mammalia: Mustelidae) Pakistan J.
Seasonal and spatial differences in feeding habits of the Neotropical otter Lontra longicaudis (Carnivora: Mustelidae) in a coastal catchment of southeastern Brazil.
Spatial variation of sexual dimorphism in the Siberian weasel, Mustela sibirica (Mustelidae, Carnivora).
Asimismo, la prueba diagnostica empleada en el presente caso no ha sido especificamente validada en hurones criados en cautiverio, aunque ha sido previamente empleada en primates no humanos (Familias Cebidae, Aotidae, Atelidae, Pitheciidae, Homonidae y Cercophiteciidae), carnivoros (Familias Felidae, Ursidae, Mustelidae y Procyonidae) y artiodactilos (Familia Bovidae) (Munoz et al., 2005; Esteves et al., 2013; Navarro et al, 2015).
& ZAPATA-RIOS, G., 2001.- New altitudinal record for Lontra longicaudis (Carnivora: Mustelidae) in Ecuador.
Multigene phylogeny of the Mustelidae: Resolving relationships, tempo and biogeographic history of a mammalian adaptive radiation.
The Mustelidae (weasel family) is quite large, consisting of not only weasels but minks, ferrets, martens, badgers and otters.
The ferret is the domesticated form of the European Polecat, a mammal belonging to the weasel genus of the family Mustelidae. They typically have brown, black, white, or mixed fur.