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, 1852–1912, reign name of the emperor of Japan from 1867 to 1912; his given name was Mutsuhito. He ascended the throne when he was 15. A year later the shogun fell, and the power that had been held by the Tokugawa military house was returned to the emperor.
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Born Nov. 3, 1852; died July 30, 1912, in Tokyo. Japanese emperor.
Mutsuhito’s reign began in 1867; the portion of his reign after 1868 is known as the Meiji period. Mutsuhito was the first emperor of Japan after the overthrow of the shogunate during the Meiji Ishin (Meiji Restoration).