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Mwanza(mwän`zä), city (2012 pop. 706,453), capital of Mwanza prov., NW Tanzania, a port on Lake Victoria. Connected by rail with Dar es Salaam, the city handles much of Tanzania's trade with Kenya and Uganda, with which it is connected by boat. Industries include meatpacking, fishing, and the manufacture of textiles and soap. There is an institute for research in tropical diseases.
a city in Tanzania, the administrative center of Mwanza Region. Population, 34,900 (1967). Mwanza is a port on Lake Victoria. It is linked by railroad with the ports of Dar es Salaam on the Indian Ocean and Kigoma on Lake Tanganyika. An airport is located there. Freight being sent to ports in Uganda and Kenya is transferred in Mwanza. It is the center of an agricultural region (coffee, tobacco, cattle).