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(mīsē`nē), ancient city of Greece, in Argolis. In historical times it had little importance and was usually dependent on Argos. Its significance is in its remote past as a center of Mycenaean civilizationMycenaean civilization
, an ancient Aegean civilization known from the excavations at Mycenae and other sites. They were first undertaken by Heinrich Schliemann and others after 1876, and they helped to revise the early history of Greece. Divided into Early Helladic (c.
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. The famous Lion Gate, which led into the city, and the Treasury of Atreus, the largest of the beehive tombs outside the walls of the city, are the most notable of its ancient remains.


See A. J. B. Wace, Mycenae (1949, repr. 1964); A. E. Samuel, The Mycenaeans in History (1966).



an ancient city in the Argolid (southern Greece), an important center in the Bronze Age. In the third millennium B.C., Mycenae was a small settlement. In the 17th century B.C., it became the capital of one of the early class-structured states of the Achaeans. The sumptuous objects obtained from excavation of two groups of Mycenaean royal graves of the 17th and 16th centuries B.C. testify to the rapid growth of Mycenaean economic power. In the 16th and 15th centuries B.C., fortifications and a palace were erected on the city’s acropolis. Mycenae was at the height of its development between 1400 and 1200 B.C. During that time, the Mycenaean acropolis was surrounded by new massive Cyclopean walls; the principal entrance through the fortifications was the Lion Gate.

In the 13th century B.C., an underground cistern was dug beneath the fortress; it was reached by a flight of steps and led to a spring far below. The monumental palace consisted of many public and private chambers and storerooms. Marble and terracotta statues of gods stood in a separate sanctuary. Quarters with the stone dwellings of wealthy artisans and merchants were located in the vast lower city. In the 14th and 13th centuries B.C., the descendants of King Atreus erected splendid circular vaulted tombs, or tholoi.

Circa 1200 B.C., Mycenae was destroyed by fire. The city was rebuilt in later centuries but no longer played an important role. In 470 B.C., Mycenae was conquered and ravaged by Argos. Excavations have been conducted sporadically since 1876 (by the German archaeologist H. Schliemann, the British scholar A. Wace, and the Greek scholars C. Tsountas and G. Mylonas).


Blavatskaia, T. V. Akheiskaia Gretsiia vo vtorom tysiacheletii do n. e. Moscow, 1966.
Wace, A. J. B. Mycenae: An Archaeological History and Guide. Princeton, 1949.
Mylonas, G. E. Mycenae and the Mycenaean Age. Princeton, 1966.



an ancient Greek city in the NE Peloponnesus on the plain of Argos
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When Kalamianos was the attractor, a path was generated through the site and overland directly to Mycenae, in line with Pullen and Tartaron (2010).
Thetis, Nikko, and their brave friend Euridice, have to flee before they become the scapegoats for the earthquake that wrecks Mycenae.
Unlike many other tombs, this one had not been robbed in antiquity and contained many gold objects, including a gold burial mask in Greek style, on display at the exhibition, which is remarkably similar to the "Mask of Agamemnon" found at Mycenae in 1876.
Crete and Mycenae (originally published in Greek, 1959), photographs by Max Hirmer, 1960.
Heinrich Schliemann, excavator of Mycenae and Troy, came to Greek in much the same way.
Cartledge has chosen eleven cities grouped in periods: Cnossos and Mycenae (prehistory); Argos, Miletus, Massalia and Sparta (early history to 500 BC); Athens, Syracuse and Thebes (500-330 BC); Alexandria (Hellenistic) and Byzantion.
For D'Annunzio, whose interest in Attic drama was whetted by his trip in 1895 to see Schliemann's excavations of Mycenae, it was the clamorous aspect of Greek drama that best represented its genius.
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217), to the if anything yet more grandiose Polytopes de Mycenes of 1978, which included numerous Xenakis scores (including the tape piece Mycenes Alpha and also the acoustic pieces Psappha, Persephassa, and Oresteia), alongside various lightings of the Mycenae site itself, narrators, films, fireworks, torchbearers, and the release of a herd of two hundred goats wearing lights and bells.
Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and the brother of Helen's husband Menelaus, led an expedition of Achaean troops to Troy and besieged the city for ten years because of Paris' insult.
Drive out to the ancient ruins at Epidaurus and Mycenae and go for a dip at familyfriendly beaches around Tolo.