Mycotoxicoses

Mycotoxicoses

 

diseases of animals caused by poisonous substances that have accumulated in fodders infested with toxic fungi. Mycotoxicoses appear suddenly and affect large numbers of animals; the diseases are not contagious and cease with a change of feed. The diseases may arise in the autumn or spring when the animals pasture on unharvested overwintered grasses and frozen vegetation. Stabled animals may be affected by my cotoxicoses if they are fed vegetable feeds that have been stored in humid places.

The severity and clinical manifestations of mycotoxicoses depend on the amount of toxin that has entered the body, the duration of its intake, and the species and age characteristics of the macroorganism. Mycotoxicoses that have been studied have been separated as independent nosologic units and are named according to the genus of the fungus that causes the intoxication.

References in periodicals archive ?
Mycotoxins are small secondary metabolites (a collective group of natural chemicals) of moulds that can cause toxic effects on humans as well as animals which are referred to as mycotoxicoses
The fungal contamination in STPs not only causes fungal infections among consumers, but it can also cause mycotoxicoses due to the consumption of such products contaminated with mycotoxins produced by mycotoxigenic fungi.
Mycotoxicoses represent the third most important health hazard affecting the broiler industry of Pakistan (Bhatti, 1989; Anjum, 1990) and mycotoxins, particularly the aflatoxins have been implicated in infecting animal feedstuffs thereby instigating morbidity and mortality in commercial poultry (Azim et al., 1990; Bhatti et al., 2001).
[ClickPress, Mon Oct 29 2018] Mycotoxins are small secondary metabolites (a collective group of natural chemicals) of moulds that can cause toxic effects on humans as well as animals which are referred to as mycotoxicoses. Some mycotoxins are used in growth promotions, antibiotics, and other types of drugs owing to its pharmacological activities.
Immunobiological effects of AFB1 and AFB1-FB1 mixture in experimental subchronic mycotoxicoses in rats.
There is need for improvement of sanitary practices, regular monitoring, and enforcement of standards for foods sold in open markets in order to reduce the menace of food borne diseases and mycotoxicoses among the populace.
Foodborne mycotoxicoses, risk assessment and underestimated hazard of masked mycotoxins and joint mycotoxin effects or interaction.
Reduced growth rate may be the only clue for chronic aflatoxicosis and other mycotoxicoses (Raisbeck et al.
These organisms are also involved in human pathology, causing mycotoxicoses and infections which can be locally invasive or disseminated.
Once incorporated, these toxic chemical compounds produced by moulds are able to induce a variety of diseases, so called mycotoxicoses.