Myelitis


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Related to Myelitis: myositis, Transverse myelitis

myelitis

[‚mī·ə′līd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the spinal cord.
Inflammation of the bone marrow.

Myelitis

 

inflammation of the spinal cord.

Primary myelitides are caused by various neurotropic viruses; secondary myelitides are caused by infections, allergies, and injuries. The inflammation is rarely isolated to the spinal cord; the sheath of the spinal cord and the nerve roots are also often affected. Primary focal myelitis develops in acute form and is characterized by elevation in temperature, pain, and disturbances of nervous-system function. Death of nerve cells results in flaccid paralyses, segmental disturbance of sensitivity, and spastic pareses; pelvic disturbances (urinary or fecal incontinence or retention) are not uncommon. Bedsores, edema, and hyperhidrosis are often encountered.

Treatment includes vitamin therapy and administration of antibiotics and desensitizing agents; orthopedic packs are suggested to relieve paralysis. Treatment during the period of myelitis sequelae includes massage, exercise, balneotherapy, and administration of stimulants.

L. O. BADALIAN

References in periodicals archive ?
The purpose of the Walk-Run-N-Roll is to raise funds and awareness for the rare neuroimmune disorders addressed by the Transverse Myelitis Association, including acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, acute flaccid myelitis, MOG antibody-associated disease, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, optic neuritis and transverse myelitis.
The Transverse Myelitis Association also has created a support portal for 24/7 physician consultation in AFM cases.
To help with clinical management, the Acute Flaccid Myelitis Workgroup and the Transverse Myelitis Association (https://myelitis.org/living-with-myelitis/resources/afm-physician-support-portal/) offer a 24-hour clinical consultation service with physicians at the University of Texas Southwestern's Transverse Myelitis Center or Johns Hopkins University Transverse Myelitis Center, established in 2019, for providers with questions about patients suspected to have AFM.
The neurology of Sjogren's syndrome and the rheumatology of peripheral neuropathy and myelitis. Pract Neurol 2014; 14: 14-22.
Six were confirmed to have AFM by case definition; the other 8 had alternative diagnoses, including Guillain-Barre syndrome (3), influenza virus myositis (2), encephalitis by echovirus (in 1 child with Down syndrome), acute transient hip synovitis (1), and transverse myelitis (1).
Transverse myelitis is caused by an inflammation in the spinal cord that damages myelin, a protective coating around neurons.
Patients with optic neuritis, longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis, CNS vasculitis and status epilepticus underwent plasma exchange for five sessions and were also given 03 weekly cyclophosphamide 75g/m2 of body surface area with a median cumulative dose of 7 to 10gms.
An increased risk of neurologic complications is associated with Zika virus infection in adults and children, including Guillain-Barre syndrome, neuropathy and myelitis. ( ANI )
Q There has been a lot of discussion in the media lately around acute flaccid myelitis. I am sure this must be terrifying for many parents, especially when you are a card-carrying vaccination parent (which doesn't matter in this case, from what I understand)!
In the webcast, Forber-Pratt recalled how watching the Boston Marathon served as inspiration for beginning to race wheelchairs just a few years following her diagnosis of transverse myelitis, which has left her paralyzed from the waist down since early childhood.
Bydd Ryland Teifi yn ymweld a'r fam ysbrydoledig Fflur Fychan o Abercegir sydd a'r cyflwr Transfers Myelitis. Fe gafodd Fflur ei heffeithio'n sydyn gan y cyflwr ar ei gwyliau yn Ffrainc yn 2010 a byth ers hynny mae hi wedi bod yn gaeth i gadair olwyn.
"More than 120 children developed the condition, known as acute flaccid myelitis, in the US alone but experts were baffled as to the cause."