Mygalomorphae

(redirected from Mygalomorph)

Mygalomorphae

[‚mig·ə·lō′mȯr‚fē]
(invertebrate zoology)
A suborder of spiders (Araneida) including American tarantulas, trap-door spiders, and purse-web spiders; the tarantulas may attain a leg span of 10 inches (25 centimeters).

Mygalomorphae

 

a suborder of large spiders. The trunk and legs are hairy; each chelicera is subchelate and has an opening for the poison gland at the tip. The spiders, which are distributed in the tropics, hunt at night for insects, small frogs and lizards, and, sometimes, small birds. The most characteristic species are A vicularia avicularia, which is black and reaches a length of 5 cm, and Selenocosmia javanensis, which is reddish brown and reaches a length of 10 cm.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
In Central Europe, there are very few extreme shapes, as for example in ant-mimic spiders (Synageles Simon, 1876, Myrmarachne MacLeay, 1839) or the mygalomorph Atypus Latreille.
Evolution of karyotype, sex chromosomes, and meiosis in mygalomorph spiders (Araneae: Mygalomorphae).
(1988) A revision of the American Funnel-Web Mygalomorph spider genus Euagrus (Araneae: Dipluridae).
A STATE RECORD FOR THE MYGALOMORPH SPIDER SPHODROS ABBOTI (ARANEAE: ATYPIDAE) FROM BALDWIN CO., AL.
Systematics and natural history of the mygalomorph spider genus Antrodiaetus and related genera (Araneae: Antrodiaetidae).
The arachnologists came to the conclusion this was a tarantula in the mygalomorph family Theraphosidae.
The members of this genus, making their nests in burrows in the ground and provisioning them exclusively with mygalomorph spiders (usually Theraphosidae, i.e., tarantulas), are found everywhere in the New World from the USA and West Indies to Chilean and Argentine Patagonia; in all habitats from rainforest to desert, and in the High Andes reaching altitudes of around 3,400m." (Fig.
Intraspecific interactions of araneomorph spiders have received considerable attention, but there are few detailed studies on intraspecific interactions of mygalomorph spiders (Paz 1988, Jackson & Pollard 1990, Perez-Miles & Costa 1992).
Mygalomorph spider bite: a report of 91 cases in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Many deserts are inhabited by large tarantulas (mygalomorph spiders, suborder Mygalomorphae) that live in burrows.