Myricaceae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Myricaceae

[‚mir·ə′kās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
The single family of the plant order Myricales.

Myricaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants, including evergreen and deciduous bushes and low trees, growing on acid swampy soils and in coastal regions. The leaves are sequential and simple; they range from solid forms with large or small teeth to feathery incised forms, usually lacking stipules. Most forms have aromatic glands that secrete a waxy substance. Their roots have nodules containing nitrogen-fixing bacteria. The flowers are usually unisexual and small, and they lack perianths. They are bunched like catkins. The fruit is small, olive-shaped, and covered with glandules or an abundant waxy coating.

The family has three genera and about 60 species, found extensively in moderate and subtropical regions of both hemispheres (except Australia). In the USSR there are two species of the genus Myrica. Members of the family Myricaceae are frequently uncovered in Cretaceous and later rock deposits. The fruits of some types are used for so-called vegetable wax, food, or medicinal substances. Some are employed in fixing sandy soils and bringing greenery to marshy areas.

REFERENCE

Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Other more restricted chemical classes of compounds produced by some Rosiflorae families are: diarylheptanoids in Myricaceae; phloroglucinol derivatives (common in ferns) in Rosaceae (Murakami and Tanaka, 1988); lignans are restricted to three families: Casuarinaceae, Gunneraceae and Rosaceae; coumarins to Rosaceae, Crassulaceae, Buxaceae and Saxifragaceae; hydroquinone glycosides as arbutin in Fagaceae, Juglandaceae, Casuarinaceae, Buxaceae, Saxifragaceae and Rosaceae; anthraquinones as emodin and chrysophanol in Saxifragaceae and Rosaceae.
Variation of leaf gland volatile oil within a population of sweet gale (Myrica gale) (Myricaceae).
Photosynthetic characteristics and potential moisture stress for the actinorhizal shrub Myrica cerifera (Myricaceae) on a Virginia barrier island.
Keywords: Myrica gale; Myricaceae; Myrique baumier; Sweet gale; Essential oil; Anticancer activity
Familias ausentes en la Amazonia (45): Achatocarpaceae, Adoxaceae, Aizoaceae, Alzateaceae, Apodanthaceae, Bataceae, Berberidaceae, Betulaceae, Brassicaceae, Brunelliaceae, Buxaceae, Calceolariaceae, Ceratophyllaceae, Clethraceae, Columelliaceae, Coriariaceae, Cornaceae, Cunoniaceae, Cytinaceae, Dipentodontaceae, Elatinaceae, Escalloniaceae, Fagaceae, Grossulariaceae, Gunneraceae, Haloragaceae, Hamamelidaceae, Hypoxidaceae, Juglandaceae, Juncaceae, Juncaginaceae, Krameriaceae, Menyanthaceae, Metteniusaceae, Mitrastemonaceae, Myricaceae, Nelumbonaceae, Papaveraceae, Phrymaceae, Phyllonomaceae, Potamogetonaceae, Tofieldiaceae, Tropaeolaceae, Typhaceae y Winteraceae.
The Casuarinaceae are considered to be a Gondwanan family (Steane et al., 2003), but their sister taxa in the 'higher' Hamamelididae (= Fagales sensu APG III, 2009) such as the Betulaceae and Juglandaceae are regarded as predominantly Laurasian whereas the Myricaceae are widespread, but absent from Australasia (Manos & Steele, 1997).
Entre las familias que presentaron un mayor indice de valor familiar, se encuentra: Melastomataceae, con los generos Clidemia, Leandra y Miconia; Verbenaceae, con los generos: Aegiphila, Lippia y Citharexylum, en este mismo sentido, entre las familias que presentaron el menor indice de valor familiar, se encuentran Anacardiaceae, Cornaceae y Myricaceae; y con un solo genero: Mauria, Cornus y Myrica, respectivamente (Figura 2).
Las familias con mayor numero de especies fueron Araliaceae, Fabaceae, Mimosaceae, Fagaceae y Myrtaceae, a pesar que otras familias comunes en los bosques nubosos de mediana altitud como Clethraceae, Mysinaceae, Myricaceae, Pinnaceae y Verbenaceae, presentaron solamente una especie cada una.
Heteroblasty in Eucalyptus globulus (Myricales: Myricaceae) affects ovipositonal and settling preferences of Ctenarytaina eucalypti and C.
All were Myrtaceae except Morella cerifera (L.) Small (Myricales: Myricaceae), which was considered at risk because of limited use by other Melaleuca herbivores (Wheeler 2005; Pratt et al.
Eu Algae A Grass G Shrubs Sh Ferns F Dith reed grass D Aquatic grass Aq Poligonaceae P Scrophulariaceae S Rosaceae R Agavaceae Ag Cyperaceae C Solanaceae So Myricaceae M Asteraceae As Faboideae Fa Poaceae Po Aquatic jasmine J Invertebrate Key Gammarus pulex A Odonata O Turbellaria P Aracnidae Ar Bivalve B Gasteropoda G Annelidae An Nematoda N Opistobranchia Op Insecta AI Isopoda I Daphnia sp.
Wood and bark anatomy of Myricaceae: relationships, generic definitions, and ecological interpretations.