Myristica


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Related to Myristica: Myristica fragrans

Myristica

 

a genus of dioecious evergreen trees of the family Myristicaceae. The flowers are in racemose or umbellulate inflorescences. The fruit is a drupe. There are between 100 and 120 species of Myristica in the tropics of the Old World. The fruits of some species yield nutmeg and mace. The species most valued for yielding spices is the nutmeg tree (Myristica fragrans), which measures 9–12 m tall and has leathery leaves and light-yellow fragrant flowers. The yellow fruit is 6–9 cm long and has a fleshy pericarp containing a large seed with a branched, fleshy reddish aril. The nutmeg tree, which is native to the Molucca Islands, is cultivated in the tropics of both hemispheres. The seed, or nutmeg, and the dried aril, or mace, have a sharp, spicy flavor and a distinctive aroma. The spices are used in cooking and in the food-processing industry. The essential oils obtained from the plants are used in medicine (mainly in Oriental countries) and by the perfume and tobacco industries.

REFERENCE

The Wealth of India, vol. 6. New Delhi, 1962.

V. N. GLADKOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
The seeds of Monodora myristica (African Nutmeg) used were bought from Oja Ota market in Ota, Ogun State, while the mild steel was brought from the mild steel dealer in Ota, Ogun State.
Arun, Antioxidant Activity of Some Phenolic Constituents from Green Pepper (Piper nigrum L.) and Fresh Nutmeg Mace (Myristica fragrans), Food Chem., 101, 515 (2007).
Chemical constituents and activities of the essential oil from Myristica fragrans against cigarette beetle Lasioderma serricorne.
It contains Acorus calamus, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellirica, Santalum rubrum, Myristica fragrans and Piper longum.
Macelignan is a natural phenolic compound derived from Myristica fragrans (nutmeg) (26).
PNUTMEG (Myristica fragrans) Nutmeg contains abundant amounts of potassium, calcium and iron, and has been associated with anticancer and antidiabetic effects.
Myristica swamp forests are found very widely distributed in Karnataka and Goa.
The choice of species are as follows: narra (Pterocarpus spp.) 12,000 seedlings; raintree (Samanea spp.) 26,800; duguan species (Myristica fragrans) 1,000; palong maria 1,000; kupang (Parkia timoriana) 10,550; alibangbang (Bauhinia spp) 5,000; dipterocarps 5,000; jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) 1,000; kamansi (Artocarpus spp.) 1,000; duhat (Syszygium spp) 2,000; and coffee (Coffea spp.) 18,000 seedlings.
Extraction et analyse des huiles essentielles de deux epices de la famille des anonacees: Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) DUNAL et Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A.
Myristica fragrans, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, and Mucuna pruriens, are among the vital components of herbal medicines used for the treatment of different diseases, including male sexual disorders.