Myrtaceae


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Related to Myrtaceae: Rubiaceae

Myrtaceae

[mər′tās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Myrtales characterized by an inferior ovary, numerous stamens, anthers usually opening by slits, and fruit in the form of a berry, drupe, or capsule.

Myrtaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous, primarily evergreen plants. It includes trees, shrubs, and subshrubs. The simple leaves are opposite or, less commonly, alternate, glandular-punctate (glands producing essential oils), entire, and leathery. The regular, bisexual flowers usually are in inflorescenses. There are four or five sepals and the same number of petals; there are generally numerous stamens. The fruit may be a drupe, capsule, or berry.

There are approximately 100 genera, with 3,000 species, distributed primarily in tropical and subtropical regions—mainly in tropical America and Australia. Many species are found in Polynesia. In the USSR there are only cultivated species (eucalyptus, myrtle). Many species yield edible fruits, such as guava and feijoa; others, particularly certain species of eucalyptus, provide valuable lumber. Essential oils and spices are obtained from the clove tree and the cajuput tree; other species yield medicinal substances.

References in periodicals archive ?
Composition of the essential oil from leaves of tree domestic varieties and one wild variety of the guava plant (Psidium guajava L., Myrtaceae).
egensis (CR = 32.1) y la familia mas importante fue Myrtaceae (IVIF = 89.8).
Durante la fase de campo del proyecto "Estudio de los frutos y semillas silvestres de la Reserva Natural Rio Nambi", dos Myrtaceae desconocidas fueron identificadas preliminarmente como especies de Myrcia s.
According to EO plant families, Lamiaceae (68 combinations), Asteraceae (33 combinations), Rutaceae (33 combinations), and Myrtaceae (20 combinations) were predominant.
Berg pertencente a familia Myrtaceae, e uma frutifera comercial nos Campos e Cerrados de Goias, Minas Gerais e Mato Grosso do Sul, ate Santa Catarina.
An experimental test of rainfall as a control agent of Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore (Hemiptera, Psyllidae) on seedlings of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn (Myrtaceae).
Because data on the embryological characters of Myrtaceae are insufficient, the formation patterns of the anther walls in taxa other than Feijoa are unknown.
La familia Myrtaceae se distribuye principalmente en las regiones tropicales del mundo, incluyendo parte de Australia y Nueva Zelanda; esta formada por 140 generos y cerca de 7000 especies (Landrum et al., 2009).
Plant families Fabaceae (15 types, including 10 types from subfamily Mimosoidae) and Myrtaceae (nine types) were represented by the greatest number of pollen types in the spectrum of urucu bee honey.
Among the herbaceous taxa the concentrations were found to be: Poaceae 5491 pollen grains/[cm.sup.2], Asteraceae 4896 grains/[cm.sup.2], Brassicaceae 4267 grains/[cm.sup.2], Ericaceae 2035 grains/[cm.sup.2], Plantaginaceae 1547 grains/[cm.sup.2],Chenopodiaceae 644 grains/[cm.sup.2], Myrtaceae 334 grains/[cm.sup.2] and Apiaceae 58 grains/[cm.sup.2].