-- Beautyberry Lamiales Celtis laevigata -- Sugarberry Myrtales
Willdenow Cuphea ignea A.
A cautionary note with respect to acceptance of fossils as members of the Lythraceae is that morphological commonalities are shared among many members of the Myrtales
. Misleading instances of homoplasy, especially in wood, leaf, and pollen characters of the Lythraceae, need to be considered when assigning relationships.
Thaumastocoris peregrinus was reared in the laboratory at 24 + 2 [degrees]C, 60 +10% RH, and a photoperiod of 12:12 h L:D on bouquets of Eucalyptus benthamii Maiden & Cambage (Myrtales
: Myrtaceae) branches; the branches were fixed in a piece of foam to prevent drowning in a 500 mL glass flask filled with water (Barbosa et al.
Vestured pits: a diagnostic character in the secondary xylem of Myrtales
. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, v.
Leaf histology and its contribution to relationships in the Myrtales
. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 71: 801-823.
Of the Angiospermae, Poales exhibited the highest number of taxa (40), followed by Alismatales (17), Myrtales
and Lamiales (12 species each).
Larvae of Hylesia species (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) defoliate exotic and native plants of this family including species of eucalyptus (Eucalyptus; Myrtales
: Myrtaceae) cultivated in Brazil (Pereira et al.
, Geraniales, Fabales, and, to some extent, malvids are most conspicuous for monosymmetric flowers, with a peak of elaboration in Fabales.
Rugose spiraling whitefly, Aleurodicus rugioperculatus Martin (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), was first found in Florida in 2009, where it causes severe infestations of trees such as gumbo limbo (Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg.; Sapindales: Burseraceae), coconut (Cocos nucifera L; Arecales: Arecaceae), black olive (Bucida buceras L.; Myrtales
: Combretaceae), avocado (Persea americana Mill.; Laurales: Lauraceae), and Calophyllum species; Malpighiales: Calophyllaceae) (Stocks & Hodges 2012) and giant white bird of paradise (Strelitzia nicolai Regel & Korn; Zingiberales: Strelitziaceae).
Asymmetry based on modification of elaborate monosymmetry is present in some monocots (among Asparagales, Commelinales, and Zingiberales), some rosids (among Myrtales
, and Fabales), and some asterids (among Lamiales, Asterales, and Dipsacales), and asymmetry by different anther height in otherwise polysymmetric, tubular flowers appears restricted to asterids (some Ericales, Gentianales, and Solanales).
Mauget system to manage the red gum lerp psyllid, Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore (Hemiptera: Aphalaridae), on red gum eucalyptus trees, Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnhardt (Myrtales
: Myrtaceae), and found it effective for approximately 8 mo after treatment.
Unequivocal in the sense of synapomorphy is this statement by van Vliet and Baas (1984): "Ideally one would like to construct a phylogenetic system for the Myrtales
, based on the occurrence of shared, uniquely derived specializations" (p.