Myrtus


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Myrtus

 

(myrtle), a genus of evergreen shrubs or trees of the family Myrtaceae. The leaves are opposite and entire, and the flowers are usually solitary, regular, and bisexual. The fruit is a berry. There are approximately 100 species of Myrtus, distributed primarily in subtropical and tropical America. Species are also encountered in Eurasia, Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. These plants, particularly the classic myrtle (Myrtus communis), have been cultivated widely in the Mediterranean region since ancient times. The classic myrtle, a decorative branching shrub, is up to 5 m high. It has ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, leathery leaves, and large (up to 3 cm in diameter), fragrant white or pink flowers. The fruits are blue-black. In the USSR the classic myrtle is grown in the Crimea and on the Black Sea shore of the Caucasus; further north it is cultivated as a house plant. The leaves and other parts of myrtle plants contain essential oils that are used to make perfumes. The dried and fresh fruits are used as flavorings in cooking.

REFERENCE

Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 5. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.
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This is in agreement with Flemion (1934) for Symphoricarpus, Khosh-Khui and Bassiri (1976) for Myrtus commiunis L.
Simplici myrto nihil adlabores sedulus curo: neque te ministrum dedecet myrtus neque me sub arta vite bibentem.
To complement the tree--and the garden's overall look--Hendershot planted boxwood, 'Provence' lavender, Myrtus communis 'Compacta' (which he likes for its scent), and upright rosemary nearby.
16, 1910, in Brownsville, Texas, to John and Myrtus Jamerson Bishop.
Lesser periwinkle, Vinca minor, was used together with roses and myrtle, Myrtus communis, in wreaths and garlands, especially for weddings.
The Estremadura coast would have been at that time mainly covered by pine and Ericaceae, followed by Quercus, Carylus, Myrtus, Ilex and Myrica, indicating an open, windy landscape anda temperate-cool humid climate (Diniz, 1993).
Succession of microfungal communities on Myrtus communis leaf litter in Sardinian Mediterranean maquis ecosystem.
Myrtus communis tarentina makes a compact informal hedge and needs only a light trim each spring.
S Myrtle Myrtus communis S Ocotillo Fouquieria splendens S Oleander Nerium oleander S Photinia Photinia glabra S Privet California Ligustrum ovalifolium S Glossy Ligustrum lucidum S Japanese Ligustrum japonicum S Texas Ligustrum japonicum S texanum Rose, Floribunda Rosa x floribunda S Silverberry Elaeagnus commutatus S Sugar bush Rhus ovata S Bougainvillea Bougainvillea glabra V Ivy Algerian Hedera canariensis G Boston Parthenocissus V tricuspidata Jasmine, Star Jasminum multiflorum V Lavender Cotton Santolina G chamaecyparissus Periwinkle Vinca minor G Trumpet creeper Campsis radicans V Virginia creeper Parthenocissus V quinquefolia Wisteria Wisteria sinensis V Plant Mature Height Common Name Botanical Name 2'-5' 6'-9' Ash Arizona Fraxinus velutina Modesto Fraxinus velutina var.
Related Family Members in Book: Callistemon, Eucalyptus, Leptospermum, Melaleuca, Myrtus, and Thryptomene
On the plant, myrtus communis, and its scent, see Mabberly (above, n.