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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(marine mussels), a genus of bivalve mollusks. The shell is cuneate-oval. With the aid of a byssus, marine mussels attach themselves to the hard substratum or to other mollusks (forming beds). The mantle cavity permits water circulation, which is essential for breathing and for the entrance of food particles. Large representatives of Mytilus may have an ingoing current of 70 l in a day. Food particles move with the water current into the mouth opening; at the same time, other substances are expelled in the exhalent current. In this way the mussels clean the water of suspended particles, which subsequently settle to the bottom.

Mussels of the genus Mytilus are widely distributed in temperate and tropical waters of the world ocean. The edible mussel Mytilus edulis, which is widespread in temperate and subtropical waters of the northern hemisphere, forms extensive colonies and is among the fouling organisms that attach themselves to under-water installations and the bottom of ships. The meat of marine mussels is edible in cooked or canned form. A high-quality feed mix for poultry is prepared from mussels. Certain species of Mytilus can be bred artificially.


Rukovodstvo po zoologii, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fatty acid profiles of Mytilus galloprovincialis (Lmk) mussel of subtidal and rocky shore origin.
Our results are similar to the results of many studies with Mytilus galloprovincialis (Khan et al, 2005; Fuentes et al., 2009; Ozden et al., 2010; Ulusoy and Ozden, 2011; Bongiorno et al., 2015).
Kittner and Riisgard (2005) studied the effects of temperature on filtration rates of Mytilus edulis and reported a linear relationship between temperature and filtration rate, with no evidence of temperature acclimation by the mussels.
Partial purification and characterization of aspartate aminotransferase from the hepatopancreas of the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis Lam.
The first [beta]1-like integrin-positive signal appeared at the early trochophore stage (19 hpf) in 5% of the Mytilus larvae.
Se analizaron 45 muestras de Mytilus galloprovincialis pertenecientes a 15 lotes que procedian de diferentes zonas de produccion de Espana (lotes del 1 al 12) e Italia (lotes 13, 14 y 15) (zonas de produccion FAO 27, FAO 37.1 y FAO 37).
En Chile, se encuentra Mytilus edulis platensis D'Orbigny, 1846 (Mollusca: Mytilidae), conocida historicamente como Mytilus chilensis, que ha estado sujeta a una continua revision taxonomica por parte de varios autores (Koehn et al., 1991; McDonald et al., 1991; Gerard et al., 2008; Borsa et al., 2012; Astorga et al., 2015), quienes encontraron que la mayoria de las poblaciones del Hemisferio Sur representan a un linaje diferente a las poblaciones del Hemisferio Norte.
Further, the bioaccumulation capacity of bivalves exposed to metal contamination in the laboratory has been demonstrated in other marine mussels such as Mytilus galloprovincialis [22], Perna viridis [27], and Mytilus edulis [28].
The following species of Bivalvia have been recorded for the first time for Peruavian waters: Adrana sowerbyana (Orbigny, 1845); Malletia goniura Dall, 1890; Mytilus strigatus Hanley, 1843; Leiosolenus spatiosa (Carpenter, 1857); Pinna rugosa G.B.