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(veterinary medicine)
A virus disease of rabbits producing fever, skin lesions resembling myxomas, and mucoid swelling of mucous membranes.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an acute viral disease of rabbits characterized by conjunctivitis and formation of edematous-gelatinous tumors of subcutaneous tissue in the head and scrotum. Myxomatosis was discovered and described by G. Sanarelli in Uruguay in 1898. Cases have been reported in America and Australia; the disease was imported into Europe in 1952. Rabbits and hares are susceptible to the disease. The source of the causative agent is an infected animal. Biting arthropod insects (mosquitoes, fleas, sandflies) play the principal role in the spread of myxomatosis. The course of the disease is acute. The skin becomes edematous and gathers into folds, and the ears droop. The swelling of the eyes and the front part of the head gives diseased rabbits a characteristic “leonine look.” Mortality is 90–100 percent. There is no specific remedy for the disease. Recovery imparts permanent immunity.

Farms on which myxomatosis is discovered are declared infected. All diseased rabbits, as well as those rabbits suspected of having or transmitting the disease, are slaughtered, and their carcasses are burned. The meat of rabbits suspected of being infected is disinfected by boiling.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Estimates of the number of cases of myxomatosis in pet rabbits being brought to veterinary clinics run into many thousands of cases in any year, making this the commonest preventable infectious killer disease of pet animals in the United Kingdom.
It has since been widely used as a vaccine against myxomatosis in rabbits in France and other countries in Europe.
Since the last cat was killed in 2000, Myxomatosis failed to keep rabbit numbers in check, and their numbers bounced back and in little over six years, with rabbits substantially altering large areas of the island.
Myxomatosis can be transmitted via fleas, flies that bite and direct contact with infected animals.
The initial attempts to introduce myxomatosis were stopped by the Victorian Director of Public Health.
In the 1950s, the government released a disease called Myxomatosis, which killed 90 percent of the animals it infected--an ideal solution until the rabbits recovered and developed a resistance.
In poems such as "Rock Picking: Building Cairns," "The Well as Entry into the Overworld," "Shootings," "Essay on Myxomatosis," "Fog," "Winter Parrots," and numerous others, one is forced by Kinsella's poetry to confront a world which is foreign and yet deeply familiar - a cognitive tension or strain that is evident in the verse itself, with its remarkable range of diction and rhythmic energy.
In the early 1950s, government scientists resorted to releasing myxomatosis, a virus that kills rabbits rather painfully.
Myxomatosis. Well-kept rabbits are relatively disease-free, but in California (especially around coastal hills and Sierra foothills) and in coastal Oregon, domesticated rabbits can contract myxomatosis, which is nearly always fatal.
"The standard VHD vaccination, which is combined with myxomatosis, only protects against one strain of VHD.
The greatest disaster that befell the land was myxomatosis, the cruellest cull of all.
WORDWISE: B WHO AM I: Kathy Lette 10 QUESTIONS: 1 Wagner, 2 Myxomatosis, 3 Shiremoor, 4 Seeds, 5 Toni Morrison, 6 Engineer, 7 Migraine (hemicrania), 8 Volgograd, 9 The hunchback of Notre Dame, 10 Stars