Mzymta

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mzymta

 

a river in the Krasnodar Krai of the RSFSR. Length, 89 km; basin area, 885 sq km. The river originates in the mountains of the Greater Caucasus and flows through a narrow valley; in its upper reaches, it flows through Lake Kardyvach and other lakes. The Mzymta flows into the Black Sea at Adler, forming a broad alluvial fan. The river is fed by mixed sources. There is high water in spring and summer, and flash floods caused by rains are frequent. The mean flow rate at the settlement of Krasnaia Poliana is 33.2 cu m per sec; at the settlement of Kepsh it is 45.6 cu m per sec. The greatest flow rate is 764 cu m per sec. The river is used for floating timber. The Krasnaia Poliana Hydroelectric Power Plant and a reservoir for the daily regulation of the river’s flow are located on the Mzymta.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(25) In the Sochi region, Voeikov focused his attention on Krasnaia Poliana, a village in the mountains above Sochi (famous as the site of the alpine ski competition in the 2014 Olympics), and mineral water sources at the upper watershed of the river Mzymta. (26) Here, he found the climate healthy, and the landscape marked by a picturesque "Alpine flora" (al'piiskaia mstitel 'nost').
It used to be a rundown, two-lane road that followed the banks of the Mzymta River.
And it's true; Rosa Khutor is an instant European village: several blocks of hotels and restaurants, complete with a clock tower, bridge over the River Mzymta, all in service of the gondola lift to the mountaintop.
In Akhshtyr near Sochi, at the same time Vladimir Putin assures the world that February's Games will come at no cost to the environment, locals have stopped swimming in the river Mzymta. They claim that pollution from dumps, where construction waste from the Games has been covertly disposed of, means they cannot sell the kurma fruit that grows in the village because it is covered in limestone dust.
Moisture from the landfill seeps through porous karst rocks into underground springs that feed the nearby Mzymta River, which provides up to half the water supply in Sochi.