NASA


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NASA:

see National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationNational Aeronautics and Space Administration
(NASA), civilian agency of the U.S. federal government with the mission of conducting research and developing operational programs in the areas of space exploration, artificial satellites (see satellite, artificial), rocketry, and
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NASA

(nass -ă) Abbrev. for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The US civilian government agency that is responsible for all nonmilitary aspects of the US space program. It was formed in Oct. 1958, largely in response to the Soviet Union's launch of Sputnik 1 in the previous year, and was given the task of researching and developing the equipment and activities involved in space exploration. NASA's headquarters are in Washington, DC, and it operates several field centers and other facilities. Chief among these are the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Ames Research Center, Goddard Space Flight Center, Kennedy Space Center, Johnson Space Center, and the Deep Space Network. Other facilities include the Langley Research Center (Hampton, Virginia), the Marshall Space Flight Center (Huntsville, Alabama), and the John C. Stennis Space Center (near Starkville, Mississippi). NASA's current organizational structure is headed by an Administrator and Deputy Administrator, to whom the agency's other departments are responsible. These departments consist of four Mission Directorates: Aeronautics Research (concerned with the research and development of technologies for safe, reliable, and efficient aviation systems); Exploration Systems (concerned with developing the research and technology needed to enable sustainable and affordable human and robotic exploration of space); Space Operations (which directs all the agency's space launches, spaceflight operations and space communications); and Science (which is responsible for organizing and carrying out the scientific exploration of the Earth, the Solar System and beyond and reaping the rewards of Earth and space exploration for society). NASA's space activities currently fall into a series of long-term programs; for example, its Discovery program seeks to unlock the mysteries of the Solar System by means of low-cost exploration missions, while the Origins program focuses on observations of the earliest stars and galaxies, the search for planets around other stars, and the search for life elsewhere in the universe. NASA collaborates on projects with the European Space Agency (ESA) and with individual countries. One major focus of its international efforts is the International Space Station. NASA funds and maintains the Astrophysics Data System and offers a satellite launcher service to other countries. See also space shuttle.
References in periodicals archive ?
NASA referred to the new moon plan as ``Apollo on steroids.
Surprisingly, many private space enthusiasts concede that things have started looking up at NASA in the last few years.
NASA is looking at funding a mission to the moon's polar region and doing some excavating and prospecting there.
Phase 1 was to produce a prototype that met all the requirements of USA and NASA and also confirm that the casting process is capable of producing more than 1,000 track shoes.
The core of the change effort will involve BST helping NASA personnel to identify the behaviors critical to successful outcomes and implementing mechanisms that systematically capture data on the occurrence of these behaviors.
Roland, who worked at NASA headquarters from 1973 to 1981, says he's heartened that the accident board plans to reconvene in a year to see whether NASA has followed through on its safety promises.
This will be a truly fantastic journey, considering that NASA engineers will purposely launch Cassini in the wrong direction, toward Venus, not Saturn.
NASA defines a launch accident as one of the potential problems with the Cassini probe.
Whether NASA can do all of this with its next rocket and still have something that is competitive for payloads is highly doubtful.
Stottler Henke also has developed training systems for NASA, which gave birth to a product called Task Tutor Toolkit, a generic tutoring system shell and scenario authoring tool that lowers the cost and difficulty of creating scenario-based intelligent tutoring systems for technical training.
Entries may be delivered to the NASA Aerospace Exploration Gallery, 38256 Sierra Highway, Suite A, Palmdale Civic Center on Oct.
NASA has two of these vehicles, which carry the space shuttle assembly (the shuttle, two solid rocket boosters and the external fuel tank) and the mobile launch platform to one of two launch pads at KSC.