NASA


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NASA:

see National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationNational Aeronautics and Space Administration
(NASA), civilian agency of the U.S. federal government with the mission of conducting research and developing operational programs in the areas of space exploration, artificial satellites (see satellite, artificial), rocketry, and
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NASA

(nass -ă) Abbrev. for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The US civilian government agency that is responsible for all nonmilitary aspects of the US space program. It was formed in Oct. 1958, largely in response to the Soviet Union's launch of Sputnik 1 in the previous year, and was given the task of researching and developing the equipment and activities involved in space exploration. NASA's headquarters are in Washington, DC, and it operates several field centers and other facilities. Chief among these are the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Ames Research Center, Goddard Space Flight Center, Kennedy Space Center, Johnson Space Center, and the Deep Space Network. Other facilities include the Langley Research Center (Hampton, Virginia), the Marshall Space Flight Center (Huntsville, Alabama), and the John C. Stennis Space Center (near Starkville, Mississippi). NASA's current organizational structure is headed by an Administrator and Deputy Administrator, to whom the agency's other departments are responsible. These departments consist of four Mission Directorates: Aeronautics Research (concerned with the research and development of technologies for safe, reliable, and efficient aviation systems); Exploration Systems (concerned with developing the research and technology needed to enable sustainable and affordable human and robotic exploration of space); Space Operations (which directs all the agency's space launches, spaceflight operations and space communications); and Science (which is responsible for organizing and carrying out the scientific exploration of the Earth, the Solar System and beyond and reaping the rewards of Earth and space exploration for society). NASA's space activities currently fall into a series of long-term programs; for example, its Discovery program seeks to unlock the mysteries of the Solar System by means of low-cost exploration missions, while the Origins program focuses on observations of the earliest stars and galaxies, the search for planets around other stars, and the search for life elsewhere in the universe. NASA collaborates on projects with the European Space Agency (ESA) and with individual countries. One major focus of its international efforts is the International Space Station. NASA funds and maintains the Astrophysics Data System and offers a satellite launcher service to other countries. See also space shuttle.
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
What I am saying is that NASA is looking at, given the fact that we have accelerated our path to the Moon, how then does that accelerate our path to Mars?"
With this activity, NASA continues the agency's tradition engaging the nation in NASA's mission.
"By the same token, ODM vacated its partnership in NASA. ODM therefore owes Kenyans some decency; it should vacate minority leadership seats in Parliament.
Some even trolled Nasa, accusing the opposition alliance of 'acting cowardly'.
Rivers joins two other NASA Langley pilots, Jim Patton and Phil Brown, both now deceased, in the Virginia Aviation Hall of Fame, which was created in 1978 by the Virginia Aeronautical Historical Society to honor Virginians who have made significant and lasting contributions to aviation, while preserving their stories for future generations.
Beyond the wealth of historical information about NASA's first fifty years and some educated speculation about its future, these authors and their editor have given readers a glimpse into the extensive, first-rate body of literature produced by other Space Age scholars.
Users can access NASA countdown clocks, the NASA Image of the Day, Astronomy Image of the Day, online videos, NASA's many Twitter feeds and other information in a convenient mobile package.
Not all scientists agree with NASA's new direction.
It was 1999 when the free market faction of the space world finally gave up on NASA. In that single year, NASA boasted two failed Mars robot missions, a mostly grounded shuttle fleet, a busted space telescope, and a semi-abandoned space station; it also aborted several pet projects, from a space plane to a planned landing on a comet's nucleus, in large part because they were politically inexpedient.
4 at a press briefing at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston.
NASA will take another group of middle school teachers to the Mojave Desert for a weeklong interdisciplinary science seminar.

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