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(National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing), organization that sanctions American stock-car races, est. 1948. It held its first race in Daytona Beach, Fla., in 1948 and began its first and most important series of races (known as the Grand National Division from 1950, the Winston Cup Series from 1971, and the Nextel Cup Series from 2005, and the Sprint Cup Series since 2008) in Charlotte, N.C., in 1949. Other major NASCAR events include the Nationwide and Camping World Truck series. Stock cars are standard production passenger vehicles modified in various ways to be faster–they often exceed 200 mph/320 kph–and more powerful than regulation assembly-line automobiles. Typical modifications include larger engines and specialized suspensions, chassis, brakes, and safety equipment. Today NASCAR sanctions more than 1,500 races throughout the country and several in Canada and Mexico. The majority are concentrated in the SE United States and held on paved oval tracks, and the most important are sponsored by major corporations. The largest and most presigious NASCAR race is the Daytona 500, a 500-mi/805-km Florida race that was first held in 1959 and 20 years later was the first to be nationally televised; it now attracts more than 200,000 fans and is widely covered by the media. As stock-car racing evolved to become one of the nation's most popular spectator sports, a number of drivers emerged as NASCAR heroes, among them Richard PettyPetty, Richard,
1937–, American auto racing driver, b. Level Cross, N.C. The son of Lee Petty, a champion stock car race driver, he won a record 200 National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing races, among them a record seven Daytona 500s, in his 35-year career
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, Cale Yarborough, Bobby Allison, Bill Elliott, Darrell Waltrip, and Dale EarnhardtEarnhardt, Dale
(Ralph Dale Earnhardt, Sr.) , 1951–2001, American auto racing driver widely regarded as stock car racing's greatest star, b. Kannapolis, N.C. The 1979 National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) Rookie of the Year, he became, initially in
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See P. Golenbock, American Zoom (1993) and The Last Lap (2001); M. D. Howell, From Moonshine to Madison Avenue (1997); R. G. Hagstrom, Jr. The NASCAR Way (2001); J. Menzer, The Wildest Ride (2001); G. Fielden and P. Golenbock, The NASCAR Encyclopedia (2003); J. MacGregor, Sunday Money (2005); N. Thompson, Driving with the Devil (2007); D. S. Pierce, NASCAR (2010).

References in periodicals archive ?
A little more surprising, Bobby Labonte, the 2000 NASCAR Winston Cup champion, left Joe Gibbs Racing for Petty Enterprises.
While Newman escaped his hair-raising crash with only bumps and braises, many NASCAR drivers have not been as lucky.
22 Toyota Tundra in the NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series for the balance of 2004 and throughout 2005.
NASCAR and DIRECTV are a winning combination, and we're making an effort to pull out all of the stops in 2007 for the fans watching at home and those attending NASCAR events," said David Hill, president of DIRECTV Entertainment.
There will be two races that will be combined events with the NASCAR Elite Division, Midwest Series: the June 3 and Aug.
ESPN360: ESPN's signature broadband service, available in 15 million homes nationwide, will feature a live simulcast of the ESPN2 telecast with a race cast application, plus an exclusive content from NASCAR Now, an ESPN360 "Super Highlight" of the race available immediately after the race is complete and post-race coverage including analysis and driver press conferences.
As much enjoyment as NASCAR brings to so many people, it has become a wasteful endeavor to support a sport that thrives on consuming what has become the world's most precious resource.
15) and the NASCAR Nextel All-Star Challenge (May 19) for the first time.
Although NASCAR's not gasping for air right now, you know, when it happens in NASCAR, it's going to breathe some more life into NASCAR, too.
I am happy to be joining ESPN Deportes' NASCAR team," said Contreras.
It's kind of surprising sometimes how the animals are treated,'' said Sarah Nettinga, the director of film, television and music for NASCAR Digital Entertainment.
The fan response to the NASCAR NEXTEL FanView has been overwhelming," said Dean Kessel, director of NASCAR NEXTEL Cup Series marketing for Sprint Nextel.