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(National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing), organization that sanctions American stock-car races, est. 1948. It held its first race in Daytona Beach, Fla., in 1948 and began its first and most important series of races (known as the Grand National Division from 1950, the Winston Cup Series from 1971, and the Nextel Cup Series from 2005, and the Sprint Cup Series since 2008) in Charlotte, N.C., in 1949. Other major NASCAR events include the Nationwide and Camping World Truck series. Stock cars are standard production passenger vehicles modified in various ways to be faster–they often exceed 200 mph/320 kph–and more powerful than regulation assembly-line automobiles. Typical modifications include larger engines and specialized suspensions, chassis, brakes, and safety equipment. Today NASCAR sanctions more than 1,500 races throughout the country and several in Canada and Mexico. The majority are concentrated in the SE United States and held on paved oval tracks, and the most important are sponsored by major corporations. The largest and most presigious NASCAR race is the Daytona 500, a 500-mi/805-km Florida race that was first held in 1959 and 20 years later was the first to be nationally televised; it now attracts more than 200,000 fans and is widely covered by the media. As stock-car racing evolved to become one of the nation's most popular spectator sports, a number of drivers emerged as NASCAR heroes, among them Richard PettyPetty, Richard,
1937–, American auto racing driver, b. Level Cross, N.C. The son of Lee Petty, a champion stock car race driver, he won a record 200 National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing races, among them a record seven Daytona 500s, in his 35-year career
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, Cale Yarborough, Bobby Allison, Bill Elliott, Darrell Waltrip, and Dale EarnhardtEarnhardt, Dale
(Ralph Dale Earnhardt, Sr.) , 1951–2001, American auto racing driver widely regarded as stock car racing's greatest star, b. Kannapolis, N.C. The 1979 National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) Rookie of the Year, he became, initially in
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See P. Golenbock, American Zoom (1993) and The Last Lap (2001); M. D. Howell, From Moonshine to Madison Avenue (1997); R. G. Hagstrom, Jr. The NASCAR Way (2001); J. Menzer, The Wildest Ride (2001); G. Fielden and P. Golenbock, The NASCAR Encyclopedia (2003); J. MacGregor, Sunday Money (2005); N. Thompson, Driving with the Devil (2007); D. S. Pierce, NASCAR (2010).

References in periodicals archive ?
So for at least one race, the World of Outlaws Sprint Series won't mind pounding the pavement, even if NASCAR rules forbid a wing on the roof and a big right rear tire.
Per NASCAR rules, Walker served as Kelley's backup driver and only gets credit for the No.
These newer lines include Outdoor Life and Field & Stream die-cast products and NASCAR Rules, our die-cast stock cars with opening hoods and trunks.
NASCAR kept the engine overnight, completed its evaluation Monday and said the engine met NASCAR rules, which were expanded this year to require the 14:1 compression ratio on all tracks, instead of just superspeedways.
Under NASCAR rules, the driver who takes the green flag earns the points for that race, even if he gives way to a relief driver after the first lap.
While NASCAR rules do not allow direct garage and pit lane entry, Fan Walk participants can access an area behind pit road and in front of the garage area for an up-close, behind-the- scenes look at the teams and their machines.