Nias

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Nias

(nē`äs), volcanic island (1990 pop. 588,543), 1,842 sq mi (4,771 sq km), Indonesia, in the Indian Ocean, off Sumatra. Most of the population are descended from the Niah people; their economy is largely agricultural. The chief town is Gunungsitoli. Native handicraft is highly developed; megalithic shrines dot the land. The Dutch began trading there in 1669. The island is subject to severe earthquakes, that of Mar., 2005, being the most recent and especially devastating, killing more than 700 there and on neighboring islands.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nias

 

an island in the Indian Ocean, west of Sumatra, that belongs to Indonesia. Area, more than 4,000 sq km. Hills and low mountains of volcanic origin with elevations to 886 m predominate. Equatorial evergreen rain forests grow on lateritic soils. There are mangrove thickets along the seashores and marshes in the north and east. Rice is grown, and there are plantations of coconut and sago palm and nutmeg. There is fishing. Gunungsitoli is the main port.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Table 12 presents the NIER's interpretation of the direct effects on general government net lending of the proposals in the budget bill for 2014, broken down in line with the National Accounts.
The NIER expects uncertainty about the outlook to subside during the autumn and winter, which will help domestic demand in Sweden to grow more quickly.
For the shorter evaluation period from 2005 to 2013, the Riksbank's results are largely unchanged, while the NIER overestimates CPI inflation by an average of around 0.3 percentage points at the 24-month horizon and underestimates underlying inflation by an average of around 0.2 percentage points at the same horizon.
The NIER therefore sees a case for cutting the repo rate now and keeping it lower than in the forecast for at least a year to help accelerate economic recovery and push up inflation.
The NIER distinguishes two kinds of changes in net lending: changes that depend on active political decisions and changes that depend on the state of the economy (automatic stabilizers).
(24) This occurs because public expenditure normally increases more slowly than revenue with the economy in balance and with unchanged rules, which are ultimately determined by the set of rules that govern indexation of various items of government expenditure (see the fact box below on the NIER's method of calculating revenue and expenditure with unchanged rules).
The NIER's assessment is that potential GDP grew by an annual average of 2.3 percent during the period 1980-2012.
In NIER's assessment, however, the uncertainty will diminish during the current year.
The NIER does not share this view, nor do most other analysts, who foresee a lower inflation rate in 2014 and 2015.
This chapter begins with a general presentation of the NIER's forecast for the development of the international and Swedish economies in 2012-2017.
The NIER's forecast is that the repo rate will be lowered to 0.75 percent in February 2013.
The NIER's forecast is based on the assumption that the Government will implement unfunded measures totalling SEK 14 billion in 2013.