NIST


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NIST

NIST

Abbr. for “National Institute of Standards and Technology, ” the successor to the US National Bureau of Standards.

NIST

(National Institute of Standards & Technology, Washington, DC, www.nist.gov) The standards-defining agency of the U.S. government, formerly the National Bureau of Standards. It is one of three agencies that fall under the Technology Administration (www.technology.gov), a branch of the U.S. Commerce Department that is devoted to advancing American economic growth through the use of technology.

Besides NIST, there are the National Technical Information Service (www.ntis.gov) and the Office of Technology Policy (www.technology.gov/OTPolicy).
References in periodicals archive ?
For public research institutes such as NIST, this previously overlooked class of scientific output represents a significant portion of the laboratory scientific outputs and an important technology transfer tool.
Recommendation: To improve the management of NIST interagency agreements and provide reasonable assurance that NIST is efficiently using its resources and complying with applicable fiscal laws, the Secretary of Commerce should direct the NIST Director to provide reasonable assurance that its interagency agreements are complete, accurate, and constitute a binding legal agreement, create, document, and implement a robust fiscal and legal review process for interagency agreements.
The NIST advance could ultimately improve navigation and telecommunications systems, says Jean-Jacques Zondy of France's National Metrology Institute in La Plaine Saint Denis.
The cumulative ten-year economic benefit of this NIST ATP program could well exceed $90B for the U.S.
For each NIST force calibration report, this measurement uncertainty is given as the expanded uncertainty, U, which is calculated in accordance with NIST Technical Note 1297, "Guidelines for Evaluating and Expressing the Uncertainty of NIST Measurement Results" [7].
Before each implosion, the NIST team places as many as dozens of battery-powered transmitters at various locations within the condemned building.
Figure 1 is a schematic drawing of the NIST nonlinearity measurement system for characterizing high-power laser detectors.
To acquire genuine scratch patterns to put on their standard bullets, the NIST team collected six bullets from the ATF and FBI.
Silicon micromachining methods currently being developed at NIST can be used to make vapor cells with dimensions well below 1 m[m.sup.3].
NIST cryptographers and many experts outside the agency evaluated 15 competing encryption schemes for factors such as security, speed, and flexibility.
The results of NIST's unique variable-temperature measurements provide a comprehensive mapping of critical current as a function of magnetic field (0 T to 12 T) and temperature (4 K to 17 K), and form a basis for evaluating CICC and magnet performance.
Hand carrying clocks to Paris "was the standard method then" for maintaining accurate world time, recalls the physicist, who works at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Boulder, Colo.