National Security Council

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National Security Council

(NSC), federal executive council responsible for planning, coordinating, and evaluating the defense policies of the United States and also exercising direction over the Central Intelligence AgencyCentral Intelligence Agency
(CIA), independent executive bureau of the U.S. government established by the National Security Act of 1947, replacing the wartime Office of Strategic Services (1942–45), the first U.S. espionage and covert operations agency.
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 (CIA). Created in 1947 by the National Security Act (amended in 1949), the council's formal members are the president, the vice president, the secretary of state, and the secretary of defense. The director of national intelligence (formerly, the director of the CIA), the head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the president's national security adviser (the assistant to the president for national security affairs, who is also the director of the NSC), and the deputy adviser usually attend as invited guests. Although President Eisenhower used the NSC as the centerpiece of his security policy apparatus, other presidents have relied more heavily on ad hoc organizations and special assistants. Prominent NSC directors have included Henry KissingerKissinger, Henry Alfred
, 1923–, American political scientist and U.S. secretary of state (1973–77), b. Germany. He emigrated to the United States in 1938. A leading expert on international relations and nuclear defense policy, Kissinger taught (1957–69) at
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 and Zbigniew BrzezinskiBrzezinski, Zbigniew Kazimierz
, 1928–2017, American political scientist and public official, b. Warsaw, Poland, grad. Harvard (Ph.D, 1953). The son of a diplomat, he was raised in Canada and became (1958) a U.S. citizen.
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. The council also has a civilian staff that is headed by an executive secretary appointed by the president.


See study by D. J. Rothkopf (2005).

References in periodicals archive ?
Supreme Court Senior Advocate Dr Parvez Hassan said that the NSC must have a law defining its membership.
In the first NSC meeting under the Duterte administration, the Council would be presented with an overview of the Road Map for Peace and Development by the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process, as well as with an update on the campaign against illegal drugs.
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Musharraf announced a six-member National Security Council and then, on October 3,1999, he formally established the NSC under an order of the Chief Executive.
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President Dwight Eisenhower approved an act of Congress to grant a congressional charter to the NSC.
NSC partners spend a lot to support our industry and as a consequence, I want to do business with them.
Like the names of policy memoranda, successively revised by each administration, the role and structure of the NSC is at the President's pleasure.
In 1948, with Truman and his NSC pressing him for immediate action, Wisner could not wait for a congressional appropriation procedure, however circumspect.
NSC and TC Advertising provide members access to Interactive Analytics, a consulting service that uses powerful analytical software and geodemographic data to help chains review and modify their advertising programs to trim budgets, reallocate funds, and improve targeting of their newspaper and other media.
was prepared to send ground forces into Kosovo to assure a NATO victory," one former NSC official told The New York Times.