Windows NT

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Windows NT

(operating system)
(Windows New Technology, NT) Microsoft's 32-bit operating system developed from what was originally intended to be OS/2 3.0 before Microsoft and IBM ceased joint development of OS/2. NT was designed for high end workstations (Windows NT 3.1), servers (Windows NT 3.1 Advanced Server), and corporate networks (NT 4.0 Enterprise Server). The first release was Windows NT 3.1.

Unlike Windows 3.1, which was a graphical environment that ran on top of MS-DOS, Windows NT is a complete operating system. To the user it looks like Windows 3.1, but it has true multi-threading, built in networking, security, and memory protection.

It is based on a microkernel, with 32-bit addressing for up to 4Gb of RAM, virtualised hardware access to fully protect applications, installable file systems, such as FAT, HPFS and NTFS, built-in networking, multi-processor support, and C2 security.

NT is also designed to be hardware independent. Once the machine specific part - the Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL) - has been ported to a particular machine, the rest of the operating system should theorertically compile without alteration. A version of NT for DEC's Alpha machines was planned (September 1993).

NT needs a fast 386 or equivalent, at least 12MB of RAM (preferably 16MB) and at least 75MB of free disk space.

NT 4.0 was followed by Windows 2000.

Usenet newsgroups: news:comp.os.ms-windows.nt.setup, news:comp.os.ms-windows.nt.misc.

Windows NT

(Windows New Technology) An earlier 32-bit operating system from Microsoft for Intel x86 CPUs. Available in client and server versions, Windows NT included built-in networking and preemptive multitasking. NT was introduced in 1993 as Version 3.1 with the same user interface as Windows 3.1. In 1996, Version 4.0 switched to the Windows 95 desktop (see below).

A New Lineage
Unlike the previous Windows 95/98, NT supported multiprocessing (see SMP), added security and administrative features and dual boot. Designed for enterprise use, each application could access 2GB of virtual memory. NT did not support Plug and Play, which was later added in Windows 2000 and XP (also based on the NT core technology). Clustering and failover was added to Windows NT 4 Server, Enterprise Edition.

For x86 Machines Only
NT ran 16-bit DOS and Windows applications in its own emulation mode (see NTVDM) and also provided a command processor that executed DOS commands. NT for PowerPC and MIPS were planned but dropped, while support for Alpha servers actually reached the beta stage. See Windows and Alpha.
Year   NT   (19xx)     Official Name of Version      GUI  Client/Server Version

 NT 4.0   96  95   NT Workstation/
                     NT Server
 NT 3.51  95  3.1  NT/NT Advanced Server
 NT 3.5   94  3.1  NT/NT Advanced Server
 NT 3.1   93  3.1  NT/NT Advanced Server

  3.1 = Windows 3.1 Program Manager
   95 = Windows 95 Start menu
References in periodicals archive ?
New software applications, such as accounting, backup, firewall, mail server or anti-virus protection may not be backwardly compatible with NT Server. And even when you buy replacement hardware there may not be drivers available to make the components work on your network."
Because of the growing acceptance of the Windows NT server operating-system environment, SIRSI continues to offer libraries more options on that platform.
Webdata starts by self-installing on any UNIX or Windows NT server, and then allows an existing database to be integrated into an adaptable, online platform, with absolutely no knowledge of CGI, SQL and ODBC.
The Compaq NonStop(TM) Payments Factory solution is currently available on the industry leading Compaq ProLiant NT servers running on Windows NT Server, as well as the highest available and fault-tolerant Compaq NonStop(TM) Himalaya servers.
OMT is based on an MS Windows NT server and is designed to integrate with the aircraft`s centralised fault display system and the communication system onboard, allowing any aircraft system faults that develop to be downlinked to the airline`s operational control centre on the ground.
Windows applications run through a connection to Windows NT Server 4.0 Terminal Server Edition.
(The Microsoft Technet document entitled Reliability and Fault Tolerance, which describes RAID as implemented ill the Microsoft Windows NT Server Network Operating System, can be found at http:// technet.microsofk.com/cdonline/ content/complete/boes/bo/winntas/ technote/reliabil.htm.)
Assuming you are looking for something more than a simple desktop solution, your choices are limited to applications running on the IBM AS/400 or Microsoft's NT Server running on one of a variety of PC servers.
PASSPORT eClient includes a server component that runs from an NT server using IIS, eliminating the need to install client software on the desktop.
This includes Microsoft Windows NT Server, Microsoft Exchange Server, Microsoft SQL Server, Microsoft SMS Server, and Microsoft SNA Server.
For the server, Vantage runs on Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 with at least a 200MHz processor.
In commenting on the NCD ThinSTAR 200, the author said, "We had no significant problems with the ThinSTAR -- unlike other products we tested -- even though it was a pre-release product." He noted that the NCD device "led the pack" in performance and that with the NCD ThinSTAR Manager on their NT server they "were able to easily upgrade the ThinSTAR client's operating system over the network."