(redirected from NUG)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms.


(jĭn'jəvī`tĭs), inflammation of the gums. It may be acute, subacute, chronic, or recurrent. The gums usually become red, swollen, and spongy, and bleed easily. Chronic gingivitis is the usual form, resulting from irritating bacteria or debris, food impaction, or poor dental restoration. It can also accompany vitamin C deficiency or metabolic disturbances such as diabetes. If left untreated, it can lead to the more serious pyorrheapyorrhea
, inflammation and degeneration of the gums and other tissues surrounding the teeth. The onset of the disease is marked by bleeding of the gums. As the disease proceeds, the gums recede from the teeth, loosening of the teeth occurs, and the bone supporting the teeth is
..... Click the link for more information.
, with gum destruction and loosening of teeth. Trench mouthtrench mouth,
common term for Vincent's infection, an ulcerative membranous infection of the gums and mouth, by noncontagious infection, associated with a fusiform bacillus and a spirochete.
..... Click the link for more information.
, an ulcerative infection of the gums and mouth, is sometimes referred to as a form of gingivitis.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a disease of the gums characterized by inflammation, dystrophy, and so on.

Gingivitis may develop from the action of unfavorable external factors on the gum tissues (intoxication with lead, manganese, bismuth, or other toxins), but may also be a manifestation of the irritation of the body’s local or general reactivity. Under the action of harmful factors on the mucous membrane of the gum, first the gingival papilla and then neighboring portions of the mucosa become inflamed. Bleeding and soreness of the gums appears. With prolonged action of harmful factors, a destructive process may develop—the formation of ulcers or erosions on the gingival mucosa. When necrotic sections appear as a result of intoxication, the general condition of the body declines, body temperature rises, and the patient suffers from headache, weakness, excessive perspiration, insomnia, and a putrid odor from the mouth. Gingivitis has a tendency toward frequent exacerbations, which arise simultaneously with the aggravation of any disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Treatment is directed toward removing the basic disease and harmful factors. Gingivitis can be prevented by cleaning the teeth without fail, systematic removal of dental plaque, and timely treatment of the teeth and the mucosa of the oral cavity.


Rukovodstvo po terapevticheskoi stomatologii. Edited by A. I. Evdokimov. Moscow, 1967.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Inflammation of the gingiva.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


inflammation of the gums
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Which way does Ibrahim Jidran from Ajdabiya jump on the oil question in Libya's East?Support the new NUG? Or does Jidran support Hafter who needs financial aid and military provisions?
The possibility of enhancing responders' safety at incident scenes is a key motivator of support for the NUG. "The safety of firefighters is a big issue in the fire service," said David Daniels, chairman of the Safety, Health, and Survival Section of the International Association of Fire Chiefs, during the 2006 NTIMC conference, where invited delegates provided input on a preliminary draft of the NUG.
The liberal Israeli paper Haaretz said the incoming NUG presents Israel with a real problem, as it will not recognise Israel yet, but it is no longer the same inflexible government that has been in power for a whole year.
Representatives of migrants in Iran have met with the CEO of the National Unity Government (NUG) Abdullah Abdullah, and discussed this problem with him, said the statement.
Against the National Unity Government (NUG), it said in that release "we understand the social and legitimate demands of the young people of Tataouine and their right to development and employment", and even added "we support the right of the young people of Tataouine who are seeking jobs and wealth for the region".
The Advisor Sartaj Aziz welcoming the deal between the National Unity Government (NUG) and the Hezb-e-Islami, Aziz, said this agreement seems to have motivated and encouraged other groups to come to talks.
TEHRAN (FNA)- CEO of Afghanistan's National Unity Government (NUG) Abdullah Abdullah underlined that his country attaches great importance to its relations with Iran.
The result of the Rome Conference was to have been a landmark signing by a majority of the HoR from Tobruk (the UN recognised elected officials and government) and similarly from the Islamist controlled GNC in Tripoli of a truce and an agreement to create a NUG (National Unity Government).
A1/2 Commitment to our national unity and cohesion is the key to sppedy restoration of the love and consensus atmospheres that have always distinguished members of the one-family Bahraini society, e HRH Premier said as he received the Supreme Committee of the National Unity Gathering (NUG), led by Dr Shaikh Abdullatif Al Mahmoud, adding that A1/2 we have always been, and will remain, a united people, and we have achieved a unique development experience that has helped attain most of the Bahraini citizens' expectation.
NATIONAL Unity Gathering (NUG) yesterday rapped the presence of US Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labour assistant secretary Michael H Posner during a National Safety Court trial.
Northern Development and Mines Minister Shelley Martel agrees that non-utility generation (NUG) could be a boon to the economy of Northern Ontario, but she argues that the timing is not right.
The representatives of the National Unity Government (NUG) however remained on the side lines.