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(jĭn'jəvī`tĭs), inflammation of the gums. It may be acute, subacute, chronic, or recurrent. The gums usually become red, swollen, and spongy, and bleed easily. Chronic gingivitis is the usual form, resulting from irritating bacteria or debris, food impaction, or poor dental restoration. It can also accompany vitamin C deficiency or metabolic disturbances such as diabetes. If left untreated, it can lead to the more serious pyorrheapyorrhea
, inflammation and degeneration of the gums and other tissues surrounding the teeth. The onset of the disease is marked by bleeding of the gums. As the disease proceeds, the gums recede from the teeth, loosening of the teeth occurs, and the bone supporting the teeth is
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, with gum destruction and loosening of teeth. Trench mouthtrench mouth,
common term for Vincent's infection, an ulcerative membranous infection of the gums and mouth, by noncontagious infection, associated with a fusiform bacillus and a spirochete.
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, an ulcerative infection of the gums and mouth, is sometimes referred to as a form of gingivitis.



a disease of the gums characterized by inflammation, dystrophy, and so on.

Gingivitis may develop from the action of unfavorable external factors on the gum tissues (intoxication with lead, manganese, bismuth, or other toxins), but may also be a manifestation of the irritation of the body’s local or general reactivity. Under the action of harmful factors on the mucous membrane of the gum, first the gingival papilla and then neighboring portions of the mucosa become inflamed. Bleeding and soreness of the gums appears. With prolonged action of harmful factors, a destructive process may develop—the formation of ulcers or erosions on the gingival mucosa. When necrotic sections appear as a result of intoxication, the general condition of the body declines, body temperature rises, and the patient suffers from headache, weakness, excessive perspiration, insomnia, and a putrid odor from the mouth. Gingivitis has a tendency toward frequent exacerbations, which arise simultaneously with the aggravation of any disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Treatment is directed toward removing the basic disease and harmful factors. Gingivitis can be prevented by cleaning the teeth without fail, systematic removal of dental plaque, and timely treatment of the teeth and the mucosa of the oral cavity.


Rukovodstvo po terapevticheskoi stomatologii. Edited by A. I. Evdokimov. Moscow, 1967.



Inflammation of the gingiva.


inflammation of the gums
References in periodicals archive ?
AAA, an NTIMC member organization in the process of ratifying the NUG, is launching a public education campaign to promote driver awareness of move-over laws and other ways that motorists can prevent secondary incidents.
We look forward to working together with NUG to continue to contribute to the exponential growth of mass transit transportation in cities across China.
Therefore, the NUG cannot be marginalised as far as constitutional amendments are concerned, being an independent entity that represents a large segment of society of all religions, faiths and races, it said in a statement.
We continue to work hard at mitigating the impact of above market NUG contracts on our customers," said Sy Wodakow, manager of non-utility generation, PSE&G.
Serving as an interactive venue for quality interactions among NICE users, NUG allows the networking and sharing of best practices through several specialized committees, some of which have already been formed.
Since they had rejected the intervention of GCC troops the NUG asked the groups to calm their people.
The officers were elected during the 18th Annual CMHC/MIS NUG Conference held May 9 through 12 in San Diego, California.
65 Note 1: Special Items Pre-tax NUG buyout $(220) Loss on sale of Saxon Mortgage $(40) After-tax NUG buyout $(136) Loss on sale of Saxon Mortgage $(25) EPS impact NUG buyout $(0.
The demonstrations called for preserving "the revolution of freedom" and dismissing the Constitutional Democratic Rally (RCD) from the NUG.
In addition to the engaging presentations and new CMHC/MIS software features, the NUG Conference introduced an exclusive CEO track, Strategydotcom, specifically tailored to the busy executive and focused primarily on using information technology to strategically affect "the bottom line.
27 Note 1: Special Items Pre-tax NUG buyout $ (220) Loss on sale of Saxon Mortgage $ (40) $ (40) After-tax NUG buyout $ (136) Loss on sale of Saxon Mortgage $ (25) $ (25) EPS impact NUG buyout $ (0.
On assurances to break off with the Ben Ali regime, the Prime Minister indicated that this rupture is evidenced by the putting into effect of several practical measures, including in particular separation between State and the RCD party, and his own resignation and the interim President's, and all members of NUG, from the former ruling party.