In an analysis of effect of the NWFP on county employment growth and net migration, Eichman et al.
The NWFP, by reserving more forestland for conservation and reducing the timber available to harvest, had two conflicting effects: it enhanced economic opportunity in many Oregon communities by enhancing the natural amenities in the region, and it reduced economic opportunity by decreasing the supply of logs for harvesting and timber processing.
We investigated the positive amenity effects of the NWFP by identifying communities within 10 miles of the "reserved land"--designated in the NWFP for species protection--as "NWFP-adjacent communities", and then by examining whether these communities were affected differently than communities outside the 10-mile buffer zone.
It was also the decade in which the NWFP was implemented, Federal timber harvests were reduced by 90%, and total timber harvests were reduced by half.
In NWFP-adjacent logging communities in which loggers are a significant share of the workforce, the negative economic impact of reductions in timber harvest under the NWFP appears to have out-weighed any positive impacts of the amenity-related migration on the growth of real property values and income.
Whereas in the 1990s, the NWFP effects were detrimental to logging and mill towns, this no longer appeared to be the case after 2000.
Unlike previous county-level studies that found a small positive effect of the NWFP on population growth, we were unable to discern a statistically significant effect of the NWFP on population growth at the community level in either decade.
According to private TV channel, Chief Minister NWFP
Ameer Haider Khan Hoti, Governor NWFP
Awais Ahmad Ghani, speaker NWFP
Assembly Karamat Ullah Khan, Corp Commander Peshawar Lieutenant General Masood Aslam, IGP NWFP
Latif Ullah Ganda Pur and other provincial ministers attended the funeral prayer.