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(năb'ətē`ə), ancient kingdom of Arabia, south of Edom, in present-day Jordan. It flourished from the 4th cent. B.C. to A.D. 106, when it was conquered by Rome. The history of Nabataea consists mainly of the struggle to control the trade routes between Asia and the Mediterranean. PetraPetra
, ancient city, in present-day Jordan, known to the Arabs as Wadi Musa for the stream that flows through it. A narrow, winding pass between towering walls leads to the flat, open valley upon which stood the ancient city.
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, the capital city, is noted for its unique rock-cut monuments, tombs, and temples.


See study by J. I. Lawlor (1974).

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References in periodicals archive ?
ENPNewswire-August 13, 2019--Leiden University: Benjamin Suchard receives Veni grant for research on Nabataean Aramaic as a spoken language
More than 2,000 years old and carved out of rocky mountains by the Nabataeans, the tribe that also built Petra in Jordan, Mada'in Saleh is expected to become one of Saudi Arabia's premier tourist destinations as the Kingdom forges a tourism and hospitality industry.
As part of their trip to Tantora, Daham and her friends also visited a nearby archaeological site, featuring Nabataean ruins dating back to the 1st century AD.
Al Ula's Al-Hij (Mada'in Saleh) site, the largest conserved Nabataeans civilization site south of Petra in Jordan, was given the first UNESCO World Heritage Site status of Saudi Arabia.
Since the Nabataeans had no architectural tradition, their carvings were mostly a fusion of foreign influences.
At places, one can see evidence of the Nabataeans' ingenious system of transporting water from various sources in the desert through conduits carved high into the sides of the cliffs.
Originally built in the 1st century BC by the Nabataeans, it was later on rebuilt and expanded by the Roman invaders to squeeze in a bigger audience.
It is a vast, unique city, carved into the sheer rock face by the Nabataeans, an industrious Arab people who settled here more than 2000 years ago, turning it into an important junction for the silk, spice and other trade routes that linked China, India and southern Arabia with Egypt, Syria, Greece and Rome.
Mada'in Saleh is the largest conserved site of the civilisation of the Nabataeans south of Petra in Jordan.
Once it was the capital city of the Nabataeans, who were able to control the water supply, thus enabling this city to thrive in the desert.
It's hard to describe what it's like walking into the mouth of this incredible city which, 2,000 years ago, was carved out of the sandstone desert cliffs by a semi-nomadic tribe called the Nabataeans.
Established around the 6th century BC as the capital of the Nabataeans, Petra is an enduring symbol of Jordan as well as its most visited attraction.