Nabis

(redirected from Nabi)
Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Nabis

(näbē`) [Heb.,=prophets], a group of artists in France active during the 1890s. Paul SérusierSérusier, Paul
, 1863–1927, French painter. In 1888 at Pont-Aven, Sérusier met Gauguin whose style he adhered to, particularly in his paintings of Breton landscapes. With Maurice Denis, Sérusier was a founder and spokesman of the Nabis.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Maurice DenisDenis, Maurice
, 1870–1943, French painter and writer on art. His paintings, usually on religious themes, have not proved so influential as his art theories. As the spokesman for symbolism and for the Nabis, Denis proposed his famous definition of painting: "Remember that
..... Click the link for more information.
 were the principal theorists of the group. Outstanding members were Édouard VuillardVuillard, Édouard
, 1868–1940, French painter and lithographer; a member of the Nabis. He is known for his scenes of Montmartre and especially for domestic interiors that evoke the quiet intimacy of home life.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Pierre BonnardBonnard, Pierre
, 1867–1947, French painter, lithographer, and illustrator. In the 1890s he was associated with the Nabis. His delight in familiar views of everyday life was transmitted to canvas with joy and gentle fantasy.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Aristide MaillolMaillol, Aristide
, 1861–1944, French sculptor, woodcut artist, and painter. At first a painter, Maillol studied at the École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, and then allied himself with the Nabis.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Félix VallottonVallotton, Félix
, 1865–1925, Swiss woodcut artist and painter. Associated with the Nabis, he worked in Paris. Vallotton rejuvenated the woodcut medium as a creative technique.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and the lesser known Ker Xavier Roussel. The group held its first exhibition in 1892. Influenced by GauguinGauguin, Paul
, 1848–1903, French painter and woodcut artist, b. Paris; son of a journalist and a French-Peruvian mother. Early Life

Gauguin was first a sailor, then a successful stockbroker in Paris. In 1874 he began to paint on weekends.
..... Click the link for more information.
, the Nabis developed a style characterized by flat areas of boldly juxtaposed but muted colors and heavily outlined surface patterns. They were unified by the decorative character of their work and their dislike of impressionismimpressionism,
in painting, late-19th-century French school that was generally characterized by the attempt to depict transitory visual impressions, often painted directly from nature, and by the use of pure, broken color to achieve brilliance and luminosity.
..... Click the link for more information.
. After a successful show in 1899, the group gradually disbanded.

Bibliography

See study by C. Chassé (tr. 1969).

Nabis

 

Died 192 B.C. Spartan tyrant who ruled from 207 to 192.

Nabis was descended from the royal family of the Eurypontidai. Pursuing the policy of the Spartan kings Agis IV and Cleomenes III and that of his predecessor, the tyrant Machanidas, Nabis implemented a series of radical social measures. He executed or exiled many of the oligarchs, confiscated the holdings of large-scale landowners for distribution to landless Spartans and Helots, and granted the Helots citizenship. Nabis’ expansion of the franchise increased the strength of the Spartan Army. The same reforms were carried through in Argos, which Nabis had seized; he also attempted to seize Messene.

The threat that social reforms would spread throughout the Peloponnesus caused the Achaean League to go to war against Nabis. Titus Quinctius Flamininus, commander of the Roman Army in Greece, came to the aid of the league. After peace was concluded in 195 B.C., Nabis retained power only over Sparta proper. An attempt at vengeance through renewed war with the Achaean League ended in defeat on land and at sea. Nabis was treacherously murdered, and Sparta was soon annexed by the Achaean League. Accounts of Nabis’ actions are found in the works of the classical authors Polybius, Plutarch, Diodorus Siculus, Livy, and Pausanias.


Nabis

 

a group of artists active in Paris from approximately 1890 to 1905. The group’s members included P. Sérusier, M. Denis, K. Roussel, and, later, P. Bonnard, E. Vuillard, and A. Maillol. Influenced by P. Gauguin and the Pont Aven school, the Nabis formulated a distinctive variant of the art nouveau style. Their work, which is close to the spirit of symbolism in literature, is dominated by color, a decorative generalization of form, musical rhythms, and a two-dimensional stylization of motifs from French folk art, Japanese engravings, and early Italian art. The works of Sérusier, Denis, and Roussel are imbued with a mystical, religious mood. The works of Bonnard and Vuillard are distinguished by informal, lyric imagery. The Nabis worked in monumental painting, graphic art, and decorative applied art (designs for rugs, store windows, and furniture).

REFERENCES

Denis, M. Théories: 1890–1910. Paris, 1920.
Sérusier, P. ABC de la peinture. Paris, 1950.
Humbert, A. Die Nabis und ihre Epoche. Dresden, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
Both will come packaged with a Collector's Edition nabi 7" tablet, featuring a new sleek design and containing the latest Android OS with Fuhu's groundbreaking Blue Morpho OS overlay -- including more than 400 kid-safe, parent-approved features and digital experiences.
Adil Nabi had various other efforts before being substituted, one a cheeky back-heel that went just wide.
I met Gholam Nabi in April during my trip to Norway.
She gave evidence at his trial last December recounting that after she got into his taxi, Nabi made her drink from a bottle of water.
Nabi may conduct a share consolidation prior to the formation of Biota Pharmaceuticals,as is described in the SEM.
Raza too looked set to become the sixth UAE batsman to hit a half century when Nabi struck again to have him caught by substitute Gulbodin Naib for 46 runs.
Nabi Biopharmaceuticals leverages its experience and knowledge in powering the immune system to develop products that target serious medical conditions in the areas of nicotine addiction and gram-positive bacterial infections.
But six months later, Nabi is still waiting for his visa from officers at an embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan, who Georgina says were informed of the legal victory in October last year.
McLain, chairman, chief executive officer and president, Nabi Biopharmaceuticals, stated, "This agreement represents an exciting opportunity for Nabi Biopharmaceuticals to leverage our proven strengths in marketing specialized antibody products to commercialize a drug that has been used in the treatment of more than 150,000 transplant patients around the world.
debuted the nabi 2 tablet last month, the world's fastest tablet made especially for kids.
ALBION: Rose, Gamboa, Pocognoli, Howkins, Davidson, Atkinson, S Nabi, A Nabi, Leko, Barrow, Roberts.
nabi Radio Gives Kids and Their Parents Access to More Than 8 Million Profanity-Free Songs for all Ages - Now Available on nabi DreamTab HD