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Related to Nabopolassar: Nabonidus, Nebuchadnezzar II, Necho II


see BabyloniaBabylonia
, ancient empire of Mesopotamia. The name is sometimes given to the whole civilization of S Mesopotamia, including the states established by the city rulers of Lagash, Akkad (or Agade), Uruk, and Ur in the 3d millennium B.C.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the founder of the New Babylonian Empire and the Chaldean dynasty; ruled from 626 to 605 B.C. In 626, Nabopolassar led a rebellion of the Babylonians against Assyria, under whose power Babylonia had been since 729. Late in 626 he seized Babylon, in 620 Uruk, and in 615 Nippur. In 614 he concluded an alliance with the Median king Cyaxares; together they vanquished Assyria in 609.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(3.) Potts, 282-289; three chronicles of Nabopolassar in Glassner, Jean-Jacques (2004).
During which century did Nabopolassar destroy the Assyrian city of Nineveh?--
Dandamaev seems to misunderstand this particular oath and translates Innin-zer-ibni's statement as a confession: "I took the money and everything the runaway temple slaves of Istar of Uruk possessed and let (them) go": Slavery in Babylonia: From Nabopolassar to Alexander the Great (626-331 BC), tr.
How do we reconcile the divergent views relayed by Nabonidus' own inscriptions with the account of the Nabopolassar Chronicle?
Zawadzki, The Fall of Assyria and Median-Babylonian Relations in Light of the Nabopolassar Chronicle (Poznan: Eburon, 1988).
The design of this test requires a sound basis for finding the possible Julian equivalents of Babylonian dates before Nabopolassar. Therefore, in the first section the evidence provided by known Babylonian New Year's dates is reassessed and an outline of intercalation practice and the resultant setting of the beginning of the Babylonian year during the eighth and seventh centuries is presented.
Before Nabopolassar the Julian equivalents of a few New Year's Days can be inferred with varying accuracy from descriptions of dated astronomical events.
The time before Nabopolassar was represented by 14 New Year's dates inferred from lunar eclipse data in LBAT 1413-1417 (Sachs and Schaumberger 1955, Huber 1982).
The available sample of known New Year's dates before Nabopolassar is more problematic.
In BM 79201.9 (Nabopolassar year 14) there is an apparent attestation of a [check{s}ang[hat{u}] Nab[hat{u}]-nasir, but as this falls within the known limits of B[bar{e}]l-nasir's tenure of the office we may guess that the writing Nab[hat{u}]-nasir was a scribal error.
15445 (a receipt for money from Nippur, 24 Arabsamna, the 6th year of Sin-shar-ishkun; it seems that this document was composed during Nabopolassar's siege of Nippur); no.
Ungnad, "Datenlisten," RIA, 2:181; Steele, "Esarhaddon Prism," 7, V.29-36; and the inscriptions provided in Stephen Langdon, Building Inscriptions of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, part I (Nabopolassar and Nebuchadnezzar) (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1905), 50-51, 62-63, and 72-73.