Nadezhnyi, Dmitrii Nikolaevich
Born Oct. 24 (Nov. 5), 1873, in Nizhny Novgorod, now Gorky; died Feb. 22, 1945, in Moscow. Soviet military figure; lieutenant general (1940). Son of a member of the dvorianstvo (nobility or gentry).
Nadezhnyi graduated from the Pavel Military School in 1894 and from the Academy of the General Staff in 1901. He fought in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–05. He served in the Main Directorate of the General Staff. He was chief of Russian military instructors in Mongolia in 1913–14. In World War I (1914–18), Nadezhnyi commanded a regiment, a division, and a corps and was promoted to lieutenant general in 1917.
Nadezhnyi joined the Red Army in 1918 and served as military leader of the Ural Region Commissariat in 1918 and as commander of the Northern Front from November 1918 to February 1919 and of the Western Front from February to July 1919. As commander of the Seventh Army, he participated in October and November 1919 in the defense of Petrograd against General N. N. Iudenich’s White Guards troops. He was inspector of the infantry and assistant chief inspector of the Red Army and Navy in 1921–22, commander of a rifle corps in 1922–23, and assistant chief of the Military Academy of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army (RKKA) in 1923–24. He was assistant inspector of the infantry of the RKKA in 1925–26.
Nadezhnyi taught at the M. V. Frunze Military Academy from 1926 to 1933 and at the S. M. Kirov Military Medical Academy from 1933 to 1941. He retired in 1942. He was awarded the Order of the Red Banner.