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a city (settlement until 1967) under republic jurisdiction in the Azerbaijan SSR. Located in the foothills of the Lesser Caucasus, 360 km west of Baku, 48 km from Kirovabad, and 18 km from the Geran’ railroad station (on the Tbilisi-Baku line). Population, 3,900 (1970).

A balneological health resort, Naftalan has hot summers (average July temperature, 26°C) and mild winters (average January temperature, 2°C). Precipitation is 250 mm per year. There are boreholes along the Naftalan River that yield Naftalan therapeutic petroleum, which is used for baths or is applied to the body before exposure to solar or ultraviolet rays. Treatment is available for patients with disorders of the skeletal and muscular systems, skin diseases, gynecological problems, and disorders of the peripheral nervous system. Naftalan has sanatoriums and facilities for baths.

References in periodicals archive ?
With the Luxury Spa package, customers can experience the benefits of bathing in Naftalan oil.
Take a break from the city and head towards Naftalan, only 20km away from the city of Ganja.
At the height of their Soviet-era popularity, the spas in Naftalan had 75,000 visitors a year.
Agency : Naftalan, specijalna bolnica za medicinsku rehabiliraciju
Pensioners and socially insured persons from Terter, Barda, Agjabedi, Lachin, Agdam, Gyoranboy, Mingechavir, Goychay, Ujar, Agdash, Zardab, Naftalan and Khojaly has participated in the presentation.
AtaBank" OJSC has started operations of 22 branches, of which about 12 are situated in Baku, while the rest are in the places of Gandja, Sumgayit, Khachmaz, Evlakh, Mingechevir, Shamkir, Geychay, Shirvan, Naftalan and Lenkoran.
Planning of the towns of Naftalan, Mingachevir, Gusar, and Goychay started this year; plans of the towns of Zardab, Zagatala, Siazan, Yardymly, Neftchala, and Balakan are under development; works on developing Ganja and Sumgayit cities' plans are being finalized, according to him.
The tender procedures are almost completed in Yevlakh, Barda, Gobustan and Naftalan.