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Nagaland(nä`gəlănd), state (2001 provisional pop. 1,988,686), 6,365 sq mi (16,485 sq km), NE India. It is a wild, forested, and undeveloped region bounded by Myanmar on the east and the Indian states of Manipur on the south, Assam on the northwest, and Arunachal Pradesh on the north. The region is inhabited by Nagas, a Tibeto-Burman tribe, who formerly practiced head-hunting. More than 80% of the population is Christian. The state is governed by a chief minister and cabinet responsible to a bicameral legislature with one elected house and by a governor appointed by the president of India. Formerly the Naga Hills–Tuensang area in Assam state, Nagaland gained full state status in 1961. The mid-1990s saw increased attacks by Naga guerrillas who favored extending the state of Nagaland to include Manipur and portions of the two other bordering states, as well as a portion of Myanmar. Talks with the guerrillas began in 1997, but there has continued to be fighting, often between guerrilla factions.
a state in northeastern India, on the border with Burma. Formed in 1961 by separating from Assam State regions in which most of the population (more than 90 percent) belonged to Naga tribal groups. Area, 16,500 sq km; population, 515,600 (1971). The city of Kohima is the administrative center.
Nagaland is the most sparsely populated state in India. It is located in the Naga Hills (elevations to 3,824 m in the Patkai Range). The climate is of the subequatorial monsoon type. Tropical evergreen and monsoon deciduous forests prevail at elevations below 1,000 m; at higher elevations there are coniferous forests and, on the summits, meadows. Nagaland is an agrarian state. Slash-and-burn farming is widespread. Rice is grown on terraced slopes of narrow intermontane valleys. Timber is cut. Handwoven fabrics are produced.