Naga

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Naga

 

a group of related mountain tribes and nationalities (among them the Angami, Ao, Sema, Lhota, and Konyak—about 20 in all) inhabiting the state of Nagaland and part of Manipur and Assam in northeastern India; some of the Naga live in the frontier regions of northwestern Burma.

The total Naga population is more than 500,000 (1970, estimate). They speak languages of the Tibeto-Burman group. They have preserved their ancient animistic beliefs (cults of the spirits of nature, rocks, and so on). The basis of the economy is slash-and-burn and terrace farming, mainly rice growing; livestock raising, hunting, and fishing have also been developed. The Naga waged a lengthy battle for national self-determination. Rapid development of their political and cultural life began after the formation of the state of Nagaland (1961).

REFERENCES

Narody Iuzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.
Elwin, V. Nagaland. Shillong, 1961.

Naga

 

a city in the Philippines in southeastern Luzon; capital of Camarines Sur Province. Population, 75,200 (1969). The city is a railroad junction and has an airport. Naga has numerous small abacá fiber processing enterprises which produce rope and cord, wicker baskets, rugs, and sinamay fabric from abacá and from pineapple leaves. Earthenware and rattan items are also manufactured.


Naga

 

the conventional name for the languages and dialects spoken- primarily in the mountains of northeastern India (the state of Nagaland and other areas) and the neighboring regions of Burma. There are more than 500,000 speakers of Naga languages (1970, estimate). There are several dozen distinct Naga languages, which are related to the Naga-Kuki-Chin branch (Lhota, Ao, Konyak, Sema) and Bodo-Naga-Kachin branch (Chang, Tamli, Lepcha) of the Sino-Tibetan language family. The Naga languages have not yet been adequately described. They are generally agglutinative in structure. Suffixes are mainly used; prefixation is less well developed. Verbal infixes are found in Lepcha, which is spoken in several regions of Sikkim and Bhutan. Most of the Naga languages are tonal.

REFERENCES

Voegelin, C. F., and F. M. Voegelin. Languages of the World: Sino-Tibetan. Fasc. 1: Anthropological Linguistics, vol. 7. Bloomington, 1964.
Grierson, G. A. Linguistic Survey of India, vol. 3. Delhi, 1967.

I. I. PEIROS

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Naga

semi-divine beings with serpent bodies and human heads of terrible and ferocious aspect. [Hindu Myth.: Leach]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
There is a darker side to the Naga saga (pun unintended).
Nagas are interesting figures, but there are other such human and non-human characters that seem equally important in these texts.
Naga Accord Framework has nothing new to offer than the infamous Shillong Accord of 1975.
There has also been a demand from the Nagas for 'Nagalim' or 'Greater Nagaland': The Nagas-NSCN-IM have had several rounds of talks with the Centre which has recognized the unique history, identity, sovereignty and territories of the Nagas.
On the contrary, the Government of India would keep talking that they would take all the stakeholders on board while trying to find a final solution to the Naga political issue, he said.
Firstly, the serpent women found in pre-colonial Indian myth and literature are actually of Naga origin.
It was said to be the biggest gathering in entire Nagaland, where Nagas from the state, neighbouring states like Manipur, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and even Myamnar turned up and so did the non- Nagas and civil society.
The all Congress party-led government, on the other hand, has ignored the issue ever since Jawaharlal Nehru, the country's first prime minister, was humiliated when 5,000 Nagas turned their backs on him when he rejected their demand for a "sovereign" Nagaland on March 30, 1953.
Alienation from India for the Nagas also stemmed from the outrageous attempts made by the authorities at depopulating villages and creating settlements where several villages' inhabitants were corralled together.
Over the last few months, The Oath of the Vayuputras, The Immortals of Meluha and The Secret of the Nagas have remained at the top in the A C Nielsen bestseller list in India, one of the rare occasions where one author's books dominate the national bestseller lists so completely!
The happiness of the Nagas equates with harmony and order within the natural and societal spheres, as does their displeasure when that order is disturbed.
The third book ends with Kartik heading south to become the main deity there; Ganesh lives the longest (the somras, says the book, was most effective in his case) and goes on to be worshipped first before any other divinity; the Nagas head to the present-day north-east and set up kingdom there...