Nagorno-Karabakh

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Nagorno-Karabakh

(nəgôr`nə-kərəbäkh), region (1990 pop. 192,000), 1,699 sq mi (4,400 sq km), SE Azerbaijan, between the Caucasus and the Karabakh range. Khankendi (the capital, formerly Stepanakert) and Shusha are the chief towns. The region has numerous mineral springs as well as deposits of lithographic stone, marble, and limestone. Farming and grazing are important and there are various light industries. The population of the region is mainly Armenian, with Azeri, Russian, and Kurdish minorities; much of the pre-1990 Azeri population fled when Armenian nationalists began their uprising in the early 1990s.

A part of Caucasian Albania called Artsakh, the area was taken by Armenia in the 1st cent. A.D. and by the Arabs in the 7th cent. The region was renamed Karabakh (or Karabagh) in the 13th cent. In the early 17th cent., it passed to the Persians, who permitted local autonomy, and in the mid-18th cent. the Karabakh khanate was formed. Karabakh alone was ceded to Russia in 1805; the khanate passed to the Russians by the Treaty of Gulistan in 1813. In 1822 the Karabakh khanate was dissolved and the area became a Russian province. The Nagorno-Karabakh (Mountain-Karabakh) Autonomous Region was established in 1923. The autonomous status of the region was abolished in 1989. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the region became a focal point in a war between the republics of Armenia and Azerbaijan, as Armenian nationalists demanded the inclusion of the region in Armenia. By the end of 1993, Armenians had won control of most of the region as well as neighboring parts of Azerbaijan to the west and south; some 30,000 died in the fighting. An unofficial cease-fire was reached in 1994 with Russian negotiation; it has largely held, but there have been recurring clashes since 1994, mostly on a smaller scale but sometimes intense. Nagorno-Karabakh's parliament declared (1996) the region independent, and ten years later voters approved a new constitution that affirmed that move; neither action was internationally recognized. A final political resolution to the situation has not been negotiated, but the region is now effectively part of Armenia.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR) demands recognition and an agreement that would guarantee that hostilities in the area do not resume, head of the NKR representation in Moscow Albert Andryan announced.
the House of Representatives of Uruguay Jorge Orrico to the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. APA said: "The note says that the visit of the
This Note examines the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic's legal status in the international community, and analyzes whether the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict can be efficiently resolved within the pre-existing legal framework.
Prior to the official dissolution of the USSR, when all the constituent republics were holding the referenda on their independence, a similar referendum in Nagorno-Karabakh on 10 December 1991 approved the creation of an independent state, the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR).
For example, Potier suggests the Azerbaijani government to concede the Lachin corridor to the "Nagorno-Karabakh Republic", which has not even been recognized by Azerbaijan.
(88.) Interview with Irina, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Supreme Court Judge (April 22, 2003) (discussing reforms in Nagorno-Karabakh Republic); Interview with L.
He argues that for the realization of the "right to independence" of the "Nagorno-Karabakh Republic", its "decent state existence" must be ensured.
Following his service to his homelands defense forces, he made the leap to government leadership and was eventually named the interior minister of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic in 1999.
Zakharova underscored that Moscow believes that a political solution to the conflict remains feasible, saying "there is no other alternative." The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is an ethnic conflict between the Republic of Armenia and Azerbaijan over the self-declared Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The conflict, which erupted in 1988, escalated into a full-fledged war in the 1900s as recent border skirmishes have flared up despite an official ceasefire signed in 1994.
where he had meetings with the leadership of the self declared Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, including the President Bako Sahakyan.
A small territory in present day Moldova, Transnistria is only recognised by other break-away states Abkhazia, South Ossetia and the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. Locals have Transnistrian documents including 'a Transnistria passport, which is useless for foreign travels'.
During the roundtable discussions, the experts assessed the recent provocation of the Armenian side, in particular, the provocative report of the unrecognized "Nagorno-Karabakh Republic" which was posted on the UN website.