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Nagpur(näg`po͝or), city (1991 pop. 1,664,006), Maharashtra state, central India, on the Nag River. Formerly the capital of Central Provinces and Berar and then of Madyha Pradesh state, it is an industrial, commercial, and transportation center. It has expanded to include the neighboring town of Kamptee. Manufactures include textiles, transport equipment, and ferromanganese products. Founded in the 18th cent. as the capital of the Nagpur Maratha kingdom, it passed in 1853 to the British.
a city in central India, in the state of Maharashtra, on the Nag River. Population, 866,100 (1971). Both Hindi and Marathi are spoken in the city. Nagpur is an important transportation junction and has a flourishing trade. It is a major center of the cotton textile industry. Other industries include food-processing, ceramics, glass, and printing, and there is a tire factory and a refrigerator plant. The city is noted for its hand-woven cloth with gold and silver thread. The city has a university, founded in 1923, and an archaeological museum. Manganese is mined northeast of the city, and oranges are grown on the outskirts.
Founded in the early 18th century, the city became the capital of the Bhonsle state, which joined the Maratha confederacy. After the Bhonsle state was annexed to British India in 1853, Nagpur became the administrative center of the Central Provinces. During the second half of the 19th century it became a center of the cotton industry (the Tata Factory). The textile workers of Nagpur are among the most progressive members of the Indian proletariat. After India won its independence, Nagpur was the administrative center of the state of Madhya Pradesh from 1950 to 1956.