Nahdatul Ulama

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nahdatul Ulama


(Muslim Teachers Party), a major Muslim bourgeois political party in Indonesia. Established as a religious organization in Surabaya in 1926, its initial purpose was the propagation of orthodox Islam and opposition to Muslim reform movements. From 1945 to 1952, it was affiliated with the Masjumi Party.

Most of the members of Nahdatul Ulama are low- and middle-level tradespeople, manufacturers, landowners, peasants, and artisans. The party’s official aim is the creation of a state founded on the principles of Islam. After the events of September 1965 in Indonesia, the leadership of Nahdatul Ulama became one of the bulwarks of anticommunism in the country. In 1973, on the recommendation of the government, Nahdatul Ulama merged with other Muslim parties (the Muslim Party of Indonesia, the Muslim Union of Indonesia, and the Movement for Muslim Education) into the Party of Unity and Development.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Banser, the security unit of Indonesia's largest Muslim organization, Nahdatul Ulama (NU), has been on the rise to defend against Islamic fundamentalist groups as worries grow over the rise of ultra-conservative forces in the world's most populous Muslim country.
It is an honour to support Nahdatul Ulama in its work for dialogue.
Damascus, (SANA)-Minister of Islamic Endowments Mohammad Abdulsattar al-Sayyed discussed on Tuesday with Chairman of the Indonesian Nahdatul Ulama (NU) Ahmad Hashem Muzadi cooperation ties between Syria and Indonesia and prospects of developing them.
The National Forestry and Environment Body of the General Council of Nahdatul Ulama issued it in July 2007 as a way of securing the future of forests in the country.
Megawati, who pairs with Hasyim Muzadi, the general chairman of the country's largest non political Islamic organization Nahdatul Ulama (NU), must not be underestimated.
Sukma said that among the competing groups are Nahdatul Ulama -- an Islamic organization that Wahid belongs to -- secular forces grouped under Vice President Megawati Sukarnoputri, the Islamic modernist camp, the military, the Golkar party of former President Suharto and nongovernmental groups.
The president is committed to preserving Indonesia as a pluralist society, Ramage said, citing Wahid's calls to legalize the Communist Party of Indonesia and acknowledge the role that his Nahdatul Ulama supporters played in killing suspected communists in the 1960s.
There are a few factual errors: illustratively, there is a failure to credit Malcolm X's change of heart against rigid Black Separatism towards the end of his life; unexplained references to `caste systems' within the Buddhist and Sikh communities; and Nahdatul Ulama's relationship to Indonesia's ruling party is far more nebulous than the staunch opposition that is implied here.
Thus one can, for example, look up such subjects as Ahmadiya, Ansar, Da wah, ABIM, Amal, Federation Nationale des Musulmans de France, Nahdatul Ulama, Tablighi Islam, and many other such movements and parties.
The situation of the Indonesian parliament recently was described by Yousuf Hasyim, one of the leaders of the Islamic parry, Nahdatul Ulama. He said that the members of the Indonesian parliament are governed by four Ds.
Here I would include the Jamaat-i-Islami of Pakistan, the Jamaat-i-Islam of Bangladesh, the Refah party of Turkey, the Nahda party or the former Islamic Tendency movement in Tunisia, the Muslim Brotherhood of Egypt, the Muslim Brotherhood of Jordan, the PAS party of Malaysia and the Nahdatul Ulama of Indonesia These are either operating, or are ready to operate if given an opportunity, in a peaceful, legal, constitutional and democratic manner and participate in the political process like any other political party in their societies.
The Renaissance of Religious Scholars Party, usually referred to as the Nahdatul Ulama, and the Party for the Propagation of Islam, known as Perti, both were dominated by religious scholars (ulama).