Nahdatul Ulama

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Nahdatul Ulama

 

(Muslim Teachers Party), a major Muslim bourgeois political party in Indonesia. Established as a religious organization in Surabaya in 1926, its initial purpose was the propagation of orthodox Islam and opposition to Muslim reform movements. From 1945 to 1952, it was affiliated with the Masjumi Party.

Most of the members of Nahdatul Ulama are low- and middle-level tradespeople, manufacturers, landowners, peasants, and artisans. The party’s official aim is the creation of a state founded on the principles of Islam. After the events of September 1965 in Indonesia, the leadership of Nahdatul Ulama became one of the bulwarks of anticommunism in the country. In 1973, on the recommendation of the government, Nahdatul Ulama merged with other Muslim parties (the Muslim Party of Indonesia, the Muslim Union of Indonesia, and the Movement for Muslim Education) into the Party of Unity and Development.

V. A. ZHAROV

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This was especially true of former president and Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) leader Abdurrahman Wahid (r.
(1981) "The Radical Transformation of the Nahdlatul Ulama in Indonesia: A Personal of the 26th Nationa Congres, June 1979.
The majority of Indonesia's Muslim population practices a moderate form of Islam, and approximately 70 million belong to the moderate Muslim organizations Nahdlatul Ulama or Muhammadiyah.
Bank Muamalat president director, Endy Abdurrahman, said, 'Nahdlatul Ulama is a big and well-established organisation whose target market is similar to Bank Muamalat's.
Another luminary attending the event was Abdul Hamid Baidlowi, a cleric whose father helped found Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), the country's biggest Muslim organization, known for supporting tolerance and pluralism.
In Indonesia, the King delivered a speech at the Nahdlatul Ulama Interfaith Conference: "Islam for Peace and Civilisation.".He also met
Imam Shofwan, the son of a Muslim cleric of the country's biggest, 40-million-member Islamic organization Nahdlatul Ulama, launched the petition last week, calling on the ACF to postpone granting the award.
However, the project takes the fatwas issued by MUI, Muhammadiyah and Nahdlatul Ulama into account for the composition of the KHI (Mawardi, 2003: 130).
Now, the Nahdlatul Ulama, an organization with about 50 million members and 28,000 Islamic boarding schools, is questioning the credibility of the Wahabi form of Islam.
Muhammadiyah and Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), mass Islamic institutions with more than 30 million and 40 million members, respectively, operate more than 10,000 schools and hundreds of hospitals, as well as run youth organizations and support women's movements.
In March 2010, the Nahdlatul Ulama, the country's largest Muslim organisation, issued an edict supporting FGM/C, though a leading cleric told its estimated 40 million followers "not to cut too much".
"We forbid Muslims to celebrate Valentine's Day," said Abdullah Cholil, an East Java leader of Nahdlatul Ulama, the mainly Muslim country's biggest Islamic organisation.