Nahuatl

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Nahuatl:

see NahuatlanNahuatlan
, group of languages of the Uto-Aztecan branch of the Aztec-Tanoan linguistic stock of North and Central America. A Nahuatlan language of great historical importance is Nahuatl, or Aztec.
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; Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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Nahuatl

 

the Indian name for a group of linguistically related tribes of the Uto-Aztecan group that lived in the territory of Mexico and some regions of Guatemala, Honduras, San Salvador, and Nicaragua before the Spanish conquest in the 16th century.

The Nahuatl had arrived from the north (from the southwestern regions of North America). Their migration had apparently taken place over the course of many centuries, beginning at about the turn of the Common Era. The Aztec were the last to enter the valley of Mexico (12th century). The Nahuatl were divided into two large subgroups: the Nahuat (the more ancient group), in Central America, and the Nahuatl (Tepanec, Acolhua, Chalca, Tlascaltec, Aztec) in Mexico. Some Nahuatl later lost their own languages and adopted Spanish; others merged into a single nationality speaking the Aztec language.

The conventional use of the term “Nahuatl” for the collective designation of the Indian tribes mentioned above and “Nahuatlan” for the designation of their language group has been adopted in modern scholarly literature.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hablaba nahuatl perfectamente y la tenia, como decian entonces, de "informante".
Fernando se intereso tambien por el teatro nahuatl. Publico aqui en la UNAM una serie de piezas de teatro que yo prologue, sobre todo de evangelizacion, y otro libro sobre las danzas de la Conquista.
Porque las variantes del nahuatl desde la epoca prehispanica han sido intensas.
Me dijo: "Yo soy Cayetano Juarez de la Huasteca Hidalguense, mi lengua es el nahuatl. ?Me deja venir a su seminario ?" "A ver, ?dice usted que nahuatl ?
Natalio Hernandez, Juan Gregorio y otros crearon la Asociacion de Escritores en Lenguas Indigenas, la Asociacion de Profesionales en Lengua Nahuatl ...
Una de ellas tiene que ver con que hemos organizado, en el grupo del seminario de cultura nahuatl y el grupo de Montemayor, reuniones de hablantes de lenguas indigenas, que en nahuatl se dice Nabuanecbiconixtli, en lugares como Milpa Alta, Santa Ana Tlacotenco ...
En el quinto centenario, en 1992, pense que podiamos publicar una obra importantisima en nahuatl, los Huehuehtlahtolli.
Y tambien del nahuatl han pasado a la lengua universal castellana un buen numero de palabras.
Los franciscanos incluso llegaron a pensar que el nahuatl fuera no solo la lengua franca sino aquella en que se ensenara todo a los indios.
Consegui hace tiempo una coleccion de los decretos en nahuatl de Maximiliano, traducidos por Faustino Chimalpopoca Galicia.
Las tribus: pensaban que la palabra tribu era nahuatl. Fue muy poco afortunado decir las "tribus".