Onychomycosis

(redirected from Nail fungus)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.

onychomycosis

[¦än·ə·kō·mī′kō·səs]
(medicine)
A fungus disease of the nails.

Onychomycosis

 

a disease of the nails caused by pathogenic fungi (seeDERMATOMYCOSES). Onychomycosis usually accompanies epidermophytosis; less commonly, trichophytosis, favus, candidiasis, and other fungal diseases. Onychomycosis, which rarely occurs as a separate disease, can arise in combination with fungal diseases of the skin and hair.

Acute inflammation is usually absent in onychomycosis. The nail plate becomes yellow, opaque, or brown, as well as brittle and thick: the nail often separates from the bed and becomes deformed. In some forms of onychomycosis, for example, when the accompanying disease is an epidermophytosis, all the nail plates are affected. In other forms, only a few nail plates are affected; for example, when trichophytosis is the accompanying disease, only the nails of the first and fifth toes have lesions. The pathological process may sometimes spread from the surrounding tissues to the nail plate. This occurs, for example, in onychomycosis that results from candidiasis, when the infection spreads from the borders of the nail.

Onychomycosis is treated by removing the nail plates with keratolytic plasters or with surgery and by applying antifungal agents. The disease is prevented by protecting the nail plates against injuries, treating microtraumas of the skin and nails with a 2 percent tincture of iodine, and by wearing shoes that fit properly. It is also important to control perspiration, to take proper hygienic care of the nails, and to wear slippers in baths, pools, and showers. On the public level, onychomycosis is prevented by disinfecting the patient’s personal belongings, by preventive checkups, and by inspection of public baths, pools, barbershops, and therapeutic baths. Cattle and other domestic animals are inspected for onychomycosis.

REFERENCE

Sheklakov, N. D., and M. V. Milich. Gribkovye zabolevaniia cheloveka. Moscow, 1970.

S. S. KRIAZHEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
"Little children are much less likely than older children to have nail fungus. Pediatric nails are thinner, and they are faster growing, with better blood supply to the matrix."
This treatment is able to rid you of the deformities and discoloration that come with having nail fungus for just P699!
Moberg Pharma AB is among the suppliers offering products to treat nail fungus, which can be difficult to treat and frequently recurs.
People over 60 are more susceptible to nail fungus infection, as are people with diabetes or a weakened immune system.
He also treats bunions, heel pain, ingrown toenails, nail fungus, corns and callous, warts, and broken and sprained ankles.
Constant communication of companies regarding common problems such as dandruff, nail fungus and vaginal infections caused by fungus, and the easy way that these problems can be addressed with OTC products, are contributing to the rapid growth of antifungals, compared to overall dermatologicals sales.
She thought it might be a wart or a nail fungus, but it grew quickly, so she decided to have it checked out.
Nail fungus infection, called onychomycosis (ON-ick-co-my-CO-sis), usually affects the toenails but also may occur on the fingernails.
Nail fungus starts when tiny organisms called Dermatophytes grow under the skin.
You can use it as a DIY hair rinse to remove dirt and add shine, or use it to treat warts and nail fungus, soothe sunburns, and soften calloused skin.
(SeeNews) - Nov 8, 2012 - Swedish pharma company Moberg Derma AB (STO:MOB) has received the final results from a phase II study of MOB-015 in patients with nail fungus, which were unsatisfactory, and will therefore start a new trial with an improved formulation.
Silverman is all too familiar with this scenario: A child is referred to him with a diagnosis of nail fungus, and the parents are frustrated that the oral antifungal agents did not work.