Naim Frashëri

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Frashëri, Naim


Born May 25, 1846, in the village of Frashëri; died Oct. 20, 1900, in Istanbul. Albanian poet. Figure in the Albanian national renaissance.

Frashëri’s works include the collection Dreams (1885; in Persian), the patriotic narrative poem The Herd and the Field (1886), the collections of lyric verse Summer Flowers (1890) and Paradise and Well-aimed Words (1894), the religious and philosophic narrative poem Qerbelaja (1898), and the epic poem The History of Skanderbeg (1898). In the narrative poem The True Desire of Albanians (1886; in Greek), Frashëri urged the peoples of the Balkans to respect one another and live in friendship.

Frashëri’s poetry is distinguished by patriotism and moral intelligence and displays an enthusiasm for struggle and an interest in the life of the common people. It combines aspects of realism with tendencies toward romanticism. Frashëri’s verse played a significant role in the development of Albanian literature and the formation of the Albanian literary language.


Vjersha lirike. Tirana, 1950.
Historie Skënderbeut. Tirana, 1953.
Bagëti e bujgësia. Tirana, 1960.


Historia e litërsisë shqipe, vol. 2. Tirana, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most renowned Albanian National Renaissance poet, Naim Frasheri at that time would write the well-known poetry "Gjuha Jone" (Our Language), where the Albanian language was epitomized as the language of god.
More within the mainstream of the Albanian tradition are the nineteenth-century writers of La Renaissance nationale in chapter 4: Jeronim De Rada, Gavril Dara i Riu, Zef Serembe, and of course Naim Frasheri, whom most Albanians regard as their "national poet." Early-twentieth-century verse "Dans les affres de l'independance" is represented in chapter 5 by the classic poets Filip Shiroka, Andon Zako-Cajupi, Ndre Mjedja, Gjergj Fishta, Asdreni, and Fan Noli, and in chapter 6, "La vague des annees trente," by Ali Asllani, Lasgush Poradeci, Migjeni, Petro Marko, Shevqet Musaraj, and Veli Stafa.