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(cobras), a genus of snakes of the family Elapidae.

When disturbed, most species of Naja rear the anterior third of the body and spread the neck, disklike, by moving the first eight pairs of ribs sideways. Large poison fangs are located toward the front of the upper jaw; in back of each there are usually from one to three small teeth.

There are ten species of cobra, of which three are sometimes considered separate genera. All live in African and southern Asia. The common, or Asiatic, cobra (N. naja or N. tripudians) is found in southern Asia; in the USSR it inhabits southern Turkmenia, Uzbekistan, and southwestern Tadzhikistan. The body length of the common cobra is 160–180 cm. On the back of the broadened part of the body of the Indian cobra there is a light marking that looks like reversed spectacles, and the snake is often called the spectacled cobra. The body length reaches 190 cm. Subspecies of the Indian cobra living in the USSR, in the southern part of Turkmenia, Uzbekistan, and Tadzhikistan (N. naja oxiana), lack this marking. The marking is also absent in the subspecies found in the Zond Islands (N. naja coeca).

The cobras live among rocks and bushes, in termite nests and rodent burrows, and occasionally in deserted buildings. They swim well and are capable of crawling up trees. They are active during late afternoon and at dusk. They feed on amphibians, mammals (for example, rodents), and, more rarely, birds. They lay from eight to 45 eggs.

Cobras are extremely poisonous, and instances of human death from their bite are known. The venom is toxic not only when it enters the bloodstream directly but also through the stomach and the mucous membrane of the eyes. The asp, or Egyptian cobra (N. haje), is found in southern Palestine and eastern Africa. It is highly poisonous. The image of this large snake (to 2.5 m) served in ancient Egypt as a symbol of greatness and power. The largest species of the genus, and the most poisonous of all, is the giant, or king, cobra (N. hannah, or N. bungarus). It grows to as much as 5.5 m. It lives in the jungles of India, Burma, Indochina, southern China, and, occasionally, the Malay peninsula and archipelago. The chief prey of the king cobra is other snakes.


Zhiznzhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 2. Moscow, 1969.


References in periodicals archive ?
Our armed forces, consisting 4,000 fighters, have fought against the ISIL in Kirkuk, Amirli, Tuz Khormato, Bashir and Daquq," Najar said.
But Najar (above), who has also been on the Gunners' radar since he was a teenager in the MLS with DC United, said: "I would like to go to English football and Arsenal is my dream.
Lors d'une interview faite par le magazine de SUDANOW, Al Najar a salue les relations entre le Soudan et l'Egypte en les decrivant comme eternelles et historiques et que les deux peuples sont un seul peuple.
Teheran - Le religieux modere Hassan Rohani a ete elu, des le premier tour, nouveau president de la republique islamique iranienne, a annonce samedi le ministre iranien de l'Interieur, Mostafa Mohammad Najar, citant les resultats definitifs de la presidentielle organisee vendredi.
Just like the first game, the third set also went Al Sadd's way as bespectacled Abdulrahman al Najar effectively neutralised any threat posed by El Jaish's captain Nasser al Mohannadi.
But then when he cleans it, out pops Balthazar Najar a banished genie
The high number of human cases reported by Najar et al.
Les deux secousses de magnitude 6,3 et 6,4, selon l'Institut de geologie americain, ayant frappe samedi a quelques minutes d'intervalles la region montagneuse de Varzeghan (nord-ouest) ont fait "227 morts", a declare a la television d'Etat le ministre de l'Interieur, Mostapha Mohammad Najar, qui s'est rendu sur les lieux du sinistre avec le ministre de la Sante.
said Ray Najar, National Chairman of the Australia Arab Chamber of Commerce and Industry (AACCI).
More than 40 school children from Cambridge High School, the Vocational Education Development Centre, Al Najar School and Brighton College took part in the coaching session.
Amman, Mar 19 (Petra) -- Amman Chamber of Commerce ACC Reyad Seifi on Monday met with Chairman of the Australia Arab Chamber of Commerce and Industry AACCI Ray Najar and discussed means to enhance trade and investment cooperation.