Nejd

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Nejd

Nejd (nĕjd) or Najd (näjd), region, central Saudi Arabia. Riyadh, the country's capital and major city, is located there. The Nejd is a vast plateau from 2,500 to 5,000 ft (762–1,524 m) high. There is a chain of oasis settlements in the eastern section; elsewhere the area is roamed by nomadic Bedouins. The Nejd, the stronghold of the Wahhabi movement, was gradually conquered (1899–1912) from Turkey by the Wahhabi leader, Ibn Saud. From there he completed his conquest of the Hejaz and Al Hasa. In 1932 the Nejd became part of his newly constituted domain, Saudi Arabia.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nejd

 

a province of Saudi Arabia. Area, approximately 1 million sq km. Population, approximately 4 million, 40 percent of which is nomadic. The capital is Riyadh.

The primary occupation of the populace is nomadic stock raising. Agriculture is practiced in the oases, where wheat, barley, durra, dates, pomegranates, peaches, and citrus fruits are grown. Raw agricultural products are processed in the cities and hand-crafted goods are made. There are military-related industrial plants in Harad and a cement plant in Riyadh.

In the fifth century and the first half of the sixth, Nejd was ruled by the Kindah, an Arab clan. From the seventh to the ninth centuries it was first part of the Arab caliphate and then of other feudal political formations on the Arabian Peninsula. In the 18th century Nejd became the center of the Wahhabi movement; the Wahhabis established the Saudi emirate, a feudal theocratic state that existed (with interruptions) in the 19th and early 20th centuries. After World War I, the Saudi emirate of Nejd led the struggle for the unification of northern and central Arabia, which led to the formation in the mid-1920’s of a dual kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd, known as Saudi Arabia since 1932.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Nejd

a region of central Saudi Arabia: formerly an independent sultanate of Arabia; united with Hejaz to form the kingdom of Saudi Arabia (1932)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The other, Bani-Hizzan, was sedentary living in the wadis of al-Yamama in eastern Najd, just south of their purported cousins, the Banu-Hanifa of the Bakr ibn-Wa'el, who inhabited modern-day Riyadh.
Dant Najd was established as a company in 2008 after Mahmoud Al Darii, its managing director and founder, saw an opportunity to provide transport services in support of the ongoing oilfield developments in Oman along the border with Saudi Arabia.
Keywords: Saudi Arabia, folklore, music, poetry, Najd, Hijaz, cultures
Before the emergence of contemporary boundaries in the Arabian Peninsula, this terrain was divided into four distinct regions: Najd (2) also known as Central Arabia, Hijaz (3) also called Western Arabia, Southern Arabia and Eastern Arabia.
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Following the introduction, the book unfolds in two large parts, each of which covers the sizable geo-musical areas under study: "Part I: The Najd and Upper Gulf Region" and "Part II: The Hijaz and Southwest Region." The peoples of the Najd or central Arabia have cultural ties with those of the Upper Gulf Region or upper Arabian Peninsula, which includes Kuwait, Bahrain, and Qatar along the Arabian/ Persian Gulf.
Moreover, the hirelings attacked the army and committees locations in Najd al-Qurein in Dhalea province with diverse arms, and targeted al-Wahbiya area in Baidha province with mortars and machine guns.
The first one, which is related to setting up infrastructure for the new residential area in the Wilayat of Liwa in the Governorate of North Al Batinah whereas the second agreement is related to providing consultancy services for preparing the necessary studies and detailed layouts for the new urban complex at Al Najd area in the Wilayat of Thumrait in the Governorate of Dhofar.
NAJD (Richard Hannon) THE three-year-old was beaten on his debut by Finelcity at Epsom, but shaped with promise in the extended mile contest.
He started a revivalist movement in the remote region of Najd, advocating a purging of practices such as the popular "cult of saints", and shrine and tomb visitation, then widespread among Muslims, but which he considered idolatry.
If the secret ties remain intact, ISIS would shift to Jordan from Syria's south-eastern border and from there, a major branch will be sent via the desert to Saudi Arabia where it will join its unit called "The Hijaz Province", to be helped by Baghdadi's central Saudi unit, "The Province Of Najd".