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Najib Tun Razak(näjēb` to͞on rä`zäk), 1958–, Malaysian politician. A Malay, he is a member of a prominent political family, the son of Malaysia's second prime minister, Abdul RazakAbdul Razak,
, 1922–76, prime minister of Malaysia (1970–76). Elected to the national legislature in 1959, he was deputy prime minister and minister of defense from 1959 to 1970.
..... Click the link for more information. , and the nephew of its third, Hussein Onn. Trained as an economist and a member of the United Malays National Organization (UMNO), Najib was elected to parliament at 22 and later served in several deputy ministerial posts. He tended to favor authoritarian policies and like his father advocated preferential treatment for Malays. Defense minister from 2004 to 2008 and finance minister from 2008, he also served as deputy prime minister under Abdullah Ahmad BadawiAbdullah Ahmad Badawi
, 1939–, Malaysian government official and politician. A graduate of the Univ. of Malaya (B.A. 1964) and the son of a prominent politician, he held a series of civil service posts, including deputy secretary general (1974–78) in the ministry of
..... Click the link for more information. from 2004. Electoral losses in 2008 forced Abdullah to resign his party leadership post in Mar., 2009; Najib succeeded him as party leader and, in Apr., 2009, as prime minister. In the 2013 elections, the UMNO-led National Front failed to win the popular vote for the first time, though it retained a majority in parliament. Intially a cautious reformer, but he reemphasized policies that favored Malays and suppressed dissent after 2013. His reputation was tarnished by a scandal involving hundreds of millions of dollars that were deposited into his accounts, but he was cleared by Malaysia's attorney general, who said that nearly $700 million was a legal Saudi donation (most of which was later returned) and that there was no evidence that Najib was aware of the millions the subsidiary of 1MDB, a government-controlled development fund, deposited into his accounts. Former prime minister MahathirMahathir bin Mohamad
, 1925–, Malaysian political leader. A doctor by training, he first entered parliament in 1964 and rose in the United Malays National Organization (UMNO), but lost his seat and was expelled from UMNO in 1969 after criticizing Prime Minister Tunku Abdul
..... Click the link for more information. and other political leaders not aligned with Najib, however, called for him to resign, and in 2018 the National Front lost control of parliament to the Coalition of Hope, led by Mahathir. Subsequently, Najib was charged with a series of crimes relating to the 1MDB scandal, and in 2020 he was found guilty on charges relating to the transfer of 1MDB funds to his personal accounts.
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