Namaqualand


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Namaqualand

(nəmä`kwəlănd) or

Namaland

(nä`məlănd), region, c.150,000 sq mi (388,500 sq km), SW Africa. It extends from Windhoek, Namibia, in the north to Northern Cape, South Africa, in the south and from the Namib Desert in the west to the Kalahari Desert in the east. The Orange River divides the region into Great Namaqualand (in Namibia) and Little Namaqualand (in Northern Cape). An arid region, Namaqualand is populated chiefly by the pastoral-agricultural Nama (also formerly called as Hottentots), who speak a KhoikhoiKhoikhoi
, people numbering about 55,000 mainly in Namibia and in W South Africa. The Khoikhoi have been called Hottentots by whites in South Africa. In language and in physical type the Khoikhoi appear to be related to the San (Bushmen), i.e.
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 language. Near the Atlantic Ocean are extensive alluvial diamond beds; copper is mined in Little Namaqualand. Karakul pelts are a major export of the region.

Namaqualand

 

a high plateau in southwestern Africa, between the Cape Mountains in the south and the upper reaches of the Great Fish River in the north. Average elevations range from 1,000 to 1,200 m, with a maximum elevation of 2,202 m in the Karasberg massif. Southern Namaqualand, or Little Namaqualand, extends to the Orange River. It consists of a peneplain on a crystalline foundation with large deposits of copper ore around Okiep in the Republic of South Africa. In northern Namaqualand, or Namaland, the crystalline foundation is covered in the east by ancient limestone and quartzite forming steplike plateaus. Southern Namaqualand has a subtropical desert climate, and northern Namaqualand has a semidesert tropical climate. Sparse sclerophyll shrub vegetation and turf grasses are found in southern Namaqualand; in northern Namaqualand there are succulent deserts with aloe in the west and shrub deserts with acacias in the east. Migratory livestock raising is the chief occupation of the region’s inhabitants.

Namaqualand

a semiarid coastal region of SW Africa, extending from near Windhoek, Namibia, into W South Africa: divided by the Orange River into Little Namaqualand in South Africa, and Great Namaqualand in Namibia; rich mineral resources. Area: 47 961 sq. km (18 518 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
It boasts 600 plant species and 45 mammals, including savanna baboons, and is in the heart of 'bloom country' around 15km south-east of Springbok, the largest town in Namaqualand.
Roux revises her guide to the wildflowers of the Namaqualand region on the west coast of South Africa, home to the Knersvlakte Nature Reserve, which was added to the national network of protected areas in September 2014.
* Suurvygie is a medicinal plant that grows on coastal and inland slopes from Namaqualand in the Northern Cape, through the Western Cape, to the Eastern Capeare.
He explored Zululand, the Transvaal, what is now Botswana and Namibia, Namaqualand and Matabeleland before they were mapped, and his classic account of his African adventures, African Hunting and Adventure was cited by none other than Selous as his raison d'etre for coming to Africa.
[8] With regard to lipoid proteinosis, a study conducted in the Namaqualand region of SA proposed that a brother and his sister who were born early in the 18th century are the common ancestors of present-day lipoid proteinosis patients.
At a regional scale, a number of studies focus on southern Africa, where nineteenth-century rainfall series have been published for the Kalahari (Nash and Endfield 2002a,b, 2008), Lesotho (Nash and Grab 2010), Namaqualand (Kelso and Vogel 2007), and the southern and eastern Cape (Vogel 1989).
Hamada et al., "Clinical and molecular characterization of lipoid proteinosis in Namaqualand, South Africa," British Journal of Dermatology, vol.
If you can spare the time, the seven or so hour trek up to the semi-desert Namaqualand region near Namibia or the four-hour hike to the scrubby veld of the Tankwa Karoo National Park are apparently well worth it.
Factors influencing the ranching of the abalone species (Haliotis midae) along the Namaqualand coast of South Africa.
Port Nolloth in Namaqualand, on South Africa's arid Atlantic coast, became familiar to Swansea seamen, so too Tilt Cove in Newfoundland.
Lebert (2006) 'Land reform, range ecology, and carrying capacities in Namaqualand, South Africa', Annals of the Association of American Geographers 96 (3): 524-40.