Namik Kemal

Namik Kemal


Born Dec. 21, 1840, in Tekirdag; died Dec. 2, 1888, in the city of Khios. Turkish writer and public figure.

Namik Kemal was a major writer of the Tanzimat period. He was one of the founders and leaders of the Young Ottomans. He published the newspapers Freedom (London, 1863–70) and Directions (Istanbul, 1872–73), which called for a constitutional form of government in Turkey. He took part in the writing of Turkey’s first constitution of 1876. Namik Kemal was an adherent of a European orientation in Turkish culture. After Ibrahim Sinasi emigrated, he edited the newspaper Tasviri efkâ r from 1865.

Namik Kemal laid the groundwork for the Turkish novel in his works The Adventures of Ali Bey (1876) and Cezmi (1880). His first drama, Fatherland, or Silistire (1873), reflects events in Turkey on the eve of the Crimean War of 1853–56. The success of the play was partly due to its antigovernmental tone, for which Namik Kemal was confined in a fortress on Cyprus for 38 months. While in prison he wrote the plays The Poor Child (1873), Âktf Bey (1874), and Gülnihal (1875). His drama Celáleddin Harzemşah (1885) deals with the Turkish struggle against the Mongol invasion.


Kü lliyat. Ankara, 1960.
Intibah. Istanbul, 1971.


Gordlevskii, V. A. Izbr. soch., vol. 2. Moscow, 1961.
Aizenshtein, N. A. Iz istorii turetskogo realizma. Moscow, 1968.
Kaplan, M. Namik Kemal: Hayati ve eserleri. Istanbul, 1948.


References in periodicals archive ?
2) Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical Faculty of Namik Kemal University, Tekirdag, Turkey
Celebrations began in capital Lefkosa at the TRNC Presidency where President Dervis Eroglu received dignitaries including high level Turkish Cypriot officials, Turkish Deputy Prime Minister Besir Atalay, Turkish Parliamentary Administrative Head Salim Uslu, Chairman of the Turkish main opposition Republican People's Party (CHP) Kemal Kilicdaroglu, Commander of Turkish Air Force General Mehmet Erten, Deputy Chairman of Democratic Left Party (DSP) Dursun Erturk, Chairman of Democrat Party (DP) Namik Kemal Zeybek and veterans of Turkish Peace Operation of 1974.
50) As proteges of Reshid Pasha and part of the rising class of bureaucrats born out of the Tanzimat, former civil servants such as Ziya Pasa (1825-80) and Namik Kemal (1840-88) rebelled against the alienating impact of the Tanzimat.
Etkinlikler Namik Kemal meydanindaki Nazan Oncel konseri ile son buldu.
The train was a little fast going round the curves," said passenger Namik Kemal Ozden, lying in a hospital bed with his face bandaged.
The train was a little fast going around the curves, '' said injured passenger Namik Kemal Ozden, lying in his hospital bed with his face bandaged.
The train was a little fast going around the curves," said injured passenger Namik Kemal Ozden, from his hospital bed.
Implementing agency : Uygulama ve Arastirma Hastanesi YE[pounds sterling]KSEKEuGRETIM KURUMLARI NAMIK KEMAL E[pounds sterling]NIVERSITESI,
Namik Kemal Kubat, provincial director of health, told the A.