Namik Kemal

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Namik Kemal


Born Dec. 21, 1840, in Tekirdag; died Dec. 2, 1888, in the city of Khios. Turkish writer and public figure.

Namik Kemal was a major writer of the Tanzimat period. He was one of the founders and leaders of the Young Ottomans. He published the newspapers Freedom (London, 1863–70) and Directions (Istanbul, 1872–73), which called for a constitutional form of government in Turkey. He took part in the writing of Turkey’s first constitution of 1876. Namik Kemal was an adherent of a European orientation in Turkish culture. After Ibrahim Sinasi emigrated, he edited the newspaper Tasviri efkâ r from 1865.

Namik Kemal laid the groundwork for the Turkish novel in his works The Adventures of Ali Bey (1876) and Cezmi (1880). His first drama, Fatherland, or Silistire (1873), reflects events in Turkey on the eve of the Crimean War of 1853–56. The success of the play was partly due to its antigovernmental tone, for which Namik Kemal was confined in a fortress on Cyprus for 38 months. While in prison he wrote the plays The Poor Child (1873), Âktf Bey (1874), and Gülnihal (1875). His drama Celáleddin Harzemşah (1885) deals with the Turkish struggle against the Mongol invasion.


Kü lliyat. Ankara, 1960.
Intibah. Istanbul, 1971.


Gordlevskii, V. A. Izbr. soch., vol. 2. Moscow, 1961.
Aizenshtein, N. A. Iz istorii turetskogo realizma. Moscow, 1968.
Kaplan, M. Namik Kemal: Hayati ve eserleri. Istanbul, 1948.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(1) Namik Kemal Universitesi, Saglik Hizmetleri Meslek Yuksekokulu, Tibbi Laboratuvar Teknikleri, Tekirdag, Turkiye
The research ethics committee of Namik Kemal University granted ethics approval to conduct this research (Date: 26/01/2017; No: 2017/16).
(*) Tekirdag Namik Kemal University, Corlu Faculty of Engineering,, Mechanical Engineering Department, 59860, Corlu-Tekirdag, Turkey, E-mail:
Financial Disclosure: The article was supported under project NKUBAP.00.20.AR.15.01 by the Namik Kemal University Research Center.
Namik Kemal University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pathology, Tekirdag, Turkiye
(1) Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Namik Kemal University School of Medicine, Tekirdag, Turkey
Namik Kemal Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Radyoloji Anabilim Dali (K.A.G.), Tekirdag, Turkiye; Uludag Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Radyoloji Anabilim Dali (B.H.), Bursa, Turkiye.
degree in Biomedical Engineering from Namik Kemal University, Tekirdag, Turkey in 2014.
The study protocol was approved by the Clinical Research Committee of Namik Kemal University School of Medicine.
The most important of these nineteenth century Young Ottoman thinkers, the author maintains, were Namik Kemal (1840-1888), Ziya Pasa (1825-1880), and Ali Suavi (1839-1878).
Mentes (2012) used the Namik Kemal University (NKU) website to perform his research.