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(formerly Goldi), a people living mainly along the lower course of the Amur River (Khabarovsk Krai, RSFSR) and the right tributaries of the Ussuri River (Primor’e Krai, RSFSR). Their total population in the USSR is about 10,000 (1970 census). A small group of Nanai lives in China, between the Sungari and Ussuri rivers. They speak Nanai, and a considerable number also speak Russian. Until the early 20th century, shamanism was of chief importance in Nanai religious beliefs, despite the spread of the Russian Orthodox faith. Ethnically, the Nanai are the descendants of the ancient aboriginal population of the Amur River region, various Tungus-Manchu groups, and possibly the Mongols. In the USSR, most of the Nanai are employed in kolkhozes, where animal husbandry and agriculture are developed, along with fishing and hunting (the traditional forms of Nanai economy).


Narody Sibiri. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956.



(Formerly Goldi), the language of the Nanai, who live in Khabarovsk and Primor’e krais of the RSFSR and between the Sungari and Ussuri rivers (People’s Republic of China). The Nanai language is spoken by approximately 7,000 persons in the USSR (1970 census). Nanai is related to the Tungus-Manchu languages. It is divided into three dialects: Amur and Kururmiiskii (in the USSR) and Sungari (mainly in China). The Nanai literary language is based on the Naikhin subdialect of the Amur dialect. A writing system based on the Latin alphabet was created in 1931; a Russian-based alphabet was introduced in 1963.


Avrorin, V. A. Grammatika nanaiskogo iazyka: Fonetika i morfologiia, vols. 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1959–61.
Iazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 5. Leningrad, 1968.
Onenko, S. N. Russko-nanaiskii slovar’. Leningrad, 1959.
Petrova, T. I. Nanaisko-russkii slovar’. Leningrad, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Tungusic words are found in all the languages of the group: Evenki bolo, Even boloni, Negidal bolo, Orochi bolo, Udehe bolo, Ulchi bolo, Orok bolo, Nanai bolo, Manchu bolori (TMS 1.
Examples are Even (according to Malchukov 2001), but this does not seem conclusive; the Sagay dialect of Khakas (according to fieldwork by the authors); West Greenlandic (according to Fortescue); and perhaps Nanai (according to Avrorin).
The program will continue in West-Soh, Soh, Naushkent and Nanai license areas of SPC, and also in Katran, Akbura, Charvak, East-Mailisu and West-Mailisu license areas of Textonic.
The prevalence of the infection in the native Nanai population is 24% in the most affected villages (2,19).
According to the paper, company owner Alexander Nanai is not willing to say which branch of the military branch will be supplied or where distribution will take place.
The same plant as calou, but nanai refers to the practical and ritual purposes and not its use as an edible foodstuff.
htm and for sponsorship information, contact Kathryn Nanai at 703-226-1242 or knanai@pnbi.
Samoa winger Tim Nanai Williams (left) is a key threat
Created and performed by Small World Theatre, Chwedlau'r Taiga is a adaptation of a fairy story, adapted from a Nanai folk tale about a young man and his kindness.
For information on exhibiting, contact Kathryn Nanai at 703-226-1242 or knanai@pnbi.
numerous Siberian Evenki dialects and Negidal) do not possess the process, nor do Nanai, Ulch, or Orok despite their close affinity to Kile-Nanai.
Barbarians: backs - T Nanai Williams, J Tuculet, P Osborne, F Halai, J de Jongh, N Cummins, F Saili, C Slade, M Boshoff, T Cubelli, S Pretorius, F Tanaka.