nanofabrication

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nanofabrication

Creating things at nanometer scale. Abbreviated "nm," one nanometer is one billionth of a meter. Nanofabrication typically refers to chip making, where the elements in the transistor are increasingly made smaller. See process technology and chip.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The extreme patterning and imaging resolution down to single nanometers and the fact that the NanoFrazor process, unlike conventional nanolithography technologies, does not damage delicate emerging materials open up various new and unprecedented possibilities for all fields of nanotechnology.
Ahmed, "Comparison of MIBK/IPA and water/IPA as PMMA developers for electron beam nanolithography," Microelectronic Engineering, vol.
Chung et al., "Molecular overlap with optical near-fields based on plasmonic nanolithography for ultrasensitive label-free detection by light-matter colocalization," Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol.
Nanolithography is based on thermal polymers, and if 3D printers could be made to deposit nanoparticle ink on a wafer surface, furnaces and other wafer processes could be eliminated.
To build the combinatorial libraries, Mirkin and his team used Dip-Pen Nanolithography, a technique developed at Northwestern in 1999, to deposit onto a surface individual polymer "dots," each loaded with different metal salts of interest.
As reactive platforms, the obtained colloidal nanofiber electrolytes having covalence cross-linked structures can be utilized in electrochemical applications, nanoengineering and bioengineering processing, nanolithography, fuel cells, and power nanotechnology.
The platform-independent Nanolithography Toolbox runs on Linux (1), Windows and MacOS, and is free for users to download from the Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology (CNST) website (http://www.nist.gov/cnst/).
Besides, AFM nanolithography has proven to be a unique tool for material structuring and patterning with nanometer precision.
As well as for aluminum oxide thin films has several important applications in technology for example in optoelectronics, tribology, sensorics, nanolithography because of their attractive properties.
New technologies such as nanoimprinting, scanning microscopy, scanning instruments for surface research, nanolithography, auto-matic identification systems and micromachining, request for ultraprecision positioning instruments, which would ensure the nanometric accuracy of positioning [2].