Spratly Islands

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Spratly Islands,

group of about 100 low islands and coral reefs in the central South China Sea, intersecting busy shipping lanes. The whole group is claimed by China, Taiwan, and Vietnam, and parts are claimed by Malaysia and the Philippines. Brunei has established (1984) an exclusive economic zone encompassing Louisa Reef, but it has not claimed the islet. Various islands, valued primarily for the petroleum and gas potential of the surrounding waters and to a lesser degree for their fishing grounds, are occupied by their claimants. China, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam all have forces there. There have been many disputes and some fighting, most notably between Chinese and Vietnamese vessels in 1988 and 1992, and the Spratlys remain a source of tension among the claimants. A 2002 agreement between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and China called for all claimants to avoid activities that would heighten tensions over the islands, but China, Taiwan, and other claimants have nonetheless improved a number of the islands and reefs so that they can support airstrips and other facilities. A 2016 ruling under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea in a case that was initiated by the Philippines against China rejected China's main basis for its claim to the islands, and judged that none of the islands met the criteria required to entitle any claimant to an exclusive economic zone.
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In November 2002, China signed an agreement amounting to a code of conduct with ten Southeast Asian countries aimed at preventing an escalation of tensions over the Nansha Island Group in the SCS.
China has indisputable sovereignty of the Nansha Islands and its adjacent waters and such a move severely undermines China's sovereignty and security, and severely endangers the safety of frontline personnel of both sides," he said.
9522 act, the baselines of the territorial sea act "bill, announced will be included in the scope of its territorial waters of Nansha Islands part of a natural islands and Zhongsha only exposed surface of the Huangyan Island, and a separate submission to the United Nations for deliberation.
One of the five bases -- the Antonio Bautista Air Base on Palawan Island -- lies around 160 kilometers from the Nansha Islands, and shares a single 9,000-foot (about 2.
In Monday's press briefing, Lu reiterated that China has indisputable sovereignty over the Nansha Islands (Chinese name for the Spratlys), Zhongye Island (Chinese name for Pagasa Island) being a part of it.
China's sovereignty over the Nansha Islands and their adjacent waters is irrefutable," the spokesman was quoted as saying.
China's sovereignty and claims of rights over Nansha Islands and their adjacent waters in the South China Sea have been formed over the long course of history and upheld by successive Chinese governments, and have adequate and solid historical and legal basis.
Hua reiterated that China's construction activities on the Nansha islands and reefs fall within the scope of China's sovereignty, which are "lawful, reasonable and justified.
According to a CNN report in May, a US surveillance aircraft received eight warnings from the Chinese navy, asking the plane to leave as it swooped over some of the islets of the Nansha Islands chain in the South China Sea.
Separately Tuesday, Chinese state media reported Tuesday that China's transport ministry started building lighthouses on two reefs in the Spratlys, which Beijing calls the Nansha Islands.
With regard to construction on the Nansha islands and reefs, this is fully within the scope of China's sovereignty," Wang told reporters, using the Chinese name for the Spratly islands.
I would like to point out that China has indisputable sovereignty over Nansha islands and adjacent waters," he said.